By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Clicking that header again will reverse the order; to return to the genre category order, reload the webpage.). Possibly a typo, or there WAS an 82b which was intentionally removed and the number never got changed. The gentle “Clair de lune” provides an elegant contrast to the suite’s sprightly second and fourth movements. - Biography of Claude Debussy, Classical Net - Biography of Achille-Claude Debussy, British Broadcasting Corporation - Biography of Claude Debussy, Claude Debussy - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). =PLEASE SUBSCRIBE=https://www.youtube.com/c/CHANNEL3YOUTUBEStay current with our most recent uploads & updatesChannel 3 YouTube Opera sa … (He had in fact published in one of the anarchist journals poems that he had written and that he later set to music in the song cycle Proses lyriques [1893].). 2021 Language Wordless (humming) Composer Time Period Comp. L # in Lesure catalog (2001) has 82a, but there is no 82b or 82. François Lesure's "critical biography" of Claude Debussy (Fayard, 2003) is widely recognized by scholars as the most comprehensive and reliable account of that composer's life and career as well as of the artistic milieu in which he worked. An actor is playing Claude Debussy in a film about the composer's life, and finds himself identifying with his subject very closely. French composer Claude Debussy’s major works included Clair de lune (“Moonlight”; in Suite bergamasque, 1890–1905), Prélude à l’après-midi d’un faune (1894; Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun), the opera Pelléas et Mélisande (1902), and La Mer (1905; “The Sea”). His style is restrained … Hardcover. Please select which sections you would like to print: While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. The title means ‘Moonlight’ and the piece is actually part of the four-movement work Suite Bergamasque . Debussy helped alter the course of Western music by breaking with traditional concepts of tonality, form and color. Claude Debussy spent many years trapped in the sound of Richard Wagner, as so many young, talented composers in his day were.. One story about his breakout concerns the Velvet Gentleman, Erik Satie.It is said that one day, Debussy heard a piece by the older Satie that contained chords like the ones we associate with Debussy today. In his seascape La Mer (1905) he was inspired by the ideas of the English painter J.M.W. In the course of his career, however, which covered only 25 years, Debussy was constantly breaking new ground. Composed between 1903 and 1905, the piece was premiered in Paris in October 1905. Claude Debussy. He was encouraged by an associate of Polish composer Frédéric Chopin, and in 1873 he entered the Paris Conservatory, where he studied piano and composition. In 1893, Debussy was 31, and was having trouble trying to write a string quartet. While living with his parents in a poverty-stricken suburb of Paris, he unexpectedly came under the patronage of a Russian millionairess, Nadezhda Filaretovna von Meck, who engaged him to play duets with her and her children. Additional Physical Format: Online-Ausg. Debussy composed Children's Corner between 1906 and 1908. Claude Debussy was born in St. Germain-en-Laye, near Paris, France. It was the same year Debussy’s … 11 of Douze Études L 143, it has no musical relation to that piece, though Debussy composed the two simultaneously; this overture and the vocal duet L 48 are all that survive of the unfinished opera, transcription of the instrumental mvts of L 61 (No.1 & 4), soprano, 2 contraltos, various chorus, orchestra, soprano, 2 contraltos, various chorus, piano, piano reduction of orchestra part of L 130 by, orchestration of L 132b unfinished, completed by, soprano, tenor, baritone, 4-part chorus, orchestra, solo female voice (S), 2-part children's chorus (SS), 2-part female chorus (CC) (with contralto solo), orchestra, soprano, 4-part female chorus (SSCC) (with contralto solo), piano, revised 1907–08, with additional reorchestration 1908 by, piano reduction of an aria from the opera, piano reduction of a vocal duet from the opera, Scherzo – Intermezzo. The piece’s title, meaning “moonlight”, was added shortly before its publication in 1905 as the third movement of a four-part work called Suite Bergamasque. Omissions? Strobel, Heinrich, 1898-1970 Claude Debussy Zürich : Atlantis-Verl., 1940 294 S., 2 Ill. (DE-101)1032647159 In 1905 Debussy’s illegitimate daughter, Claude-Emma, was born. For his daughter, nicknamed Chouchou, he wrote the piano suite Children’s Corner (1908). List of choral works Find album reviews, stream songs, credits and award information for Debussy plays Debussy - Claude Debussy on AllMusic - 2003. libretto: Louis Laloy and Charles Morice; Zuléima was the 1st mvt of Ode symphonique, a projected 3-mvt cantata, but the other 2 mvts were never written, manuscript lost, this orchestral version possibly never written or only sketched, but since reconstructed from other versions, unfinished draft, completed and arranged by Marius-François Gaillard in 1928 (piano acc. Cream cloth binding. He traveled with her to her palatial residences throughout Europe during the long summer vacations at the Conservatory. Today, the group plays the String Quartet in G Minor by Claude Debussy. He developed a highly original system of harmony and musical structure that expressed in many respects the ideals to which the Impressionist and Symbolist painters and writers of his time aspired. No. Debussy provided an introductory note to the Nocturnes that reveals the influence of these painters’ sensibilities on his own thinking, with its reliance on light, mystery, and impression to characterize his music. Claude Debussy, in full Achille-Claude Debussy, (born August 22, 1862, Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France—died March 25, 1918, Paris), French composer whose works were a seminal force in the music of the 20th century. Achille-Claude Debussy (born St Germain-en-Laye, 22 August 1862; died Paris, 25 March, 1918) was a French composer.He was one of the most important composers of the early 20th century.Most of his compositions are for orchestra or for piano.He also wrote some songs, chamber music and one opera.He made his music very different from the Romantic style that other composers … Directed by Ken Russell. Claude Debussy (born Achille-Claude Debussy) was among the most influential composers of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Claude Debussy was first introduced to the singer Emma Bardac in early 1904, by her son Raoul, who was one of his students. Title Composer Omid, Aryan: I-Catalogue Number I-Cat. Explorations, he maintained, were the essence of music; they were his musical bread and wine. Condition: Very Good. View the Wikipedia article on Claude Debussy.. He was encouraged by Madame Mauté de Fleurville, who was associated with the Polish composer Frédéric Chopin, and in 1873 he entered the Paris Conservatory, where he studied the piano and composition, eventually winning in 1884 the Grand Prix de Rome with his cantata L’Enfant prodigue (The Prodigal Child). Embracing nontraditional scales and tonal structures, Claude Debussy is one of the most highly regarded composers of the late 19th and early 20th centuries and is … Debussy’s spontaneity and the sensitive nature of his perception facilitated his acute insight into the child mind, an insight noticeable particularly in Children’s Corner, a French counterpart to Mussorgsky’s song cycle The Nursery; in the Douze Préludes, 2 books (1910, 1913; “Twelve Preludes”), for piano; and in the ballet La Boîte à joujoux (first performed in 1919; The Box of Toys). version) & 1958 (orchestrated version), 1st version of L 114 No.3;[citation needed]. Debussy was born on 22 August 1862 in Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Seine-et-Oise, on the north-west fringes of Paris. Claude Debussy. Debussy’s youth was spent in circumstances of great turbulence. His major works include Clair de lune (“Moonlight,” in Suite bergamasque, 1890–1905), Prélude à l’après-midi d’un faune (1894; Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun), the opera Pelléas et Mélisande (1902), and La Mer (1905; “The Sea”). I Achille-Claude Debussy (French: [aʃil klod dəbysi]; 22 Agosto 1862 – 25 Marzo 1918) metung yang kompositor a Pranses.Kayabe nang Maurice Ravel, metung ya kareng pikabaluan diling tauan a makaugne king Impresionistang musika, oneng ya mismu tutu neng e buri ing terminu nung yugne de king kareng kayang komposisyun. Claude Debussy Song list. Claude Debussy, Soundtrack: Rise of the Planet of the Apes. Repelled by the gossip and scandal arising from this situation, he sought refuge for a time at Eastbourne, on the south coast of England. His father was a salesman and kept a china shop. Composer. As a holder of the Grand Prix de Rome, Debussy was given a three-year stay at the Villa Medici in Rome, where, under what were supposed to be ideal conditions, he was to pursue his creative work. Author of. He dedicated the suite to his daughter, Claude-Emma (known as "Chou-Chou"), who was born on 30 October 1905 in Paris. 98 (also known as Trois Nocturnes or Three Nocturnes) is an impressionist orchestral composition in three movements by the French composer Claude Debussy, who wrote it between 1892 and 1899. This noble bass instrument takes on, in chameleon fashion, the character of a violin, a flute, and even a mandolin. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The style of Pelléas was to be replaced by a bolder, more highly coloured manner. Most composers who were granted this state scholarship, however, found life in this magnificent Renaissance palace irksome and longed to return to simpler and more familiar surroundings. His first wife, Rosalie (“Lily”) Texier, a dressmaker, whom he married in 1899, did in fact shoot herself, though not fatally, and, as is sometimes the case with artists of passionate intensity, Debussy himself was haunted by thoughts of suicide. It is clear that he was torn by influences from many directions; these stormy years, however, contributed to the sensitivity of his early style. Clair De Lune (1905) La Mer (1905) Prélude A L'après-midi D'un Faune (1894) More Songfacts: What Do You Mean?Justin Bieber. It is based on poems from Poèmes anciens et … King Pransya, megawa yang Chevalier ning Legion of Honour anyang 1903. Debussy was developing in this work ideas of an earlier period, those expressed in a youthful play he had written, Frères en art (Brothers in Art), where his challenging, indeed anarchical, ideas are discussed among musicians, painters, and poets. Nocturnes, L. 91, CD. Turner and the French painter Claude Monet. Period: Modern: Piece Style Modern: Instrumentation 24 singers Claude Debussy was a gifted pianist by age nine. He had divorced Lily Texier in 1904 and subsequently married his daughter’s mother, Emma Bardac. It turned out to be his only string quartet. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Alternative Title: Achille-Claude Debussy Claude Debussy, in full Achille-Claude Debussy, (born August 22, 1862, Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France—died March 25, 1918, Paris), French composer whose works were a seminal force in the music of the 20th century. Writer and broadcaster on music. French composer Claude Debussy’s works were a seminal force in the music of the 20th century. Debussy himself eventually fled from the Villa Medici after two years and returned to Blanche Vasnier in Paris. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Moderato con allegro, This page was last edited on 12 November 2020, at 13:23. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Wagner’s conception of Gesamtkunstwerk (“total art work”) encouraged artists to refine upon their emotional responses and to exteriorize their hidden dream states, often in a shadowy, incomplete form; hence the more tenuous nature of the work of Wagner’s French disciples. Claude Debussy started writing the incredibly romantic piano piece Clair de lune in 1890 when he was just 28, but it wasn’t published for another 15 years! About this Item: Presses de la Cite, Paris, 1963. Though both were married, the pair started an affair and after a secret vacation with Bardac on the island of Jersey, Debussy wrote to his wife Rosalie announcing the end of their marriage. None [force assignment] Year/Date of Composition Y/D of Comp. His mature compositions, distinctive and appealing, combined modernism and sensuality so successfully that their sheer … This early style is well illustrated in one of Debussy’s best-known compositions, Clair de lune. By Claude Debussy / ed. The shop was unsuccessful, and closed in 1864; the family moved to Paris, first living with Victorine's mother, in Clichy, and, from 1868, in their own apartment in the Rue Saint-Honoré. Other early works by Debussy show his affinity with the English Pre-Raphaelite painters; the most notable of these works is La Damoiselle élue (1888), based on “The Blessed Damozel” (1850), a poem by the English poet and painter Dante Gabriel Rossetti. Some traumatizing events in his childhood caused him a depression and he never spoke about his early years. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Dust Jacket Condition: good +. Claude Debussy, in full Achille-Claude Debussy, (born August 22, 1862, Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France—died March 25, 1918, Paris), French composer whose works were a seminal force in the music of the 20th century. "L¹" numbers are also given from Lesure's original 1977 catalogue. [2], (The "L¹" and "L²" headers are clickable and doing so will sort the entire list by L¹ or L² number. Claude Debussy's Painterly Preludes The subtle, elusive quality of Debussy's twenty-four preludes is captured perfectly by pianist Paul Jacobs, who plays them with a tolling, bell-like sound. He developed a highly original system of harmony and musical structure that expressed, in many respects, the ideals to which the Impressionist and Symbolist painters and writers of his time aspired. Debussy showed a gift as a pianist by the age of nine. Claude Debussy (22 August 1862 – 25 March 1918) was one of the most influential composers of the late 19th and early 20th centuries and is regarded as the founder of musical impressionism. At this time Debussy lived a life of extreme indulgence. Life. Several other women, some of doubtful reputation, were also associated with him in his early years. In Paris during this time he fell in love with a singer, Blanche Vasnier, the beautiful young wife of an architect; she inspired many of his early works. Debussy revised the famous composer Chopin's work for Durand. 111, is an orchestral composition by the French composer Claude Debussy.. He was almost overwhelmed by situations of great extremes, both material and emotional. His single completed opera, Pelléas et Mélisande (first performed in 1902), demonstrates how the Wagnerian technique could be adapted to portray subjects like the dreamy nightmarish figures of this opera who were doomed to self-destruction. original 1890 title Promenade sentimentale; II. Maurice Hinson. One of the most important composers of the 20th Century, acknowledged as the founder of musical Impressionism. In his later years, it is the pursuit of illusion that marks Debussy’s instrumental writing, especially the strange, other-worldly Cello Sonata. 1st version of Sarabande from Pour le piano L 95, discovered 1977, published as Étude retrouvée, lost, only two pieces survive: the Overture in a piano four-hands reduction L 20, and fragments of a vocal duet with accompaniment in piano reduction L 48[citation needed], lost, only two pieces survive with accompaniment in piano reductions: Il dort encore (aria from Scene 1) L 34, and Ode Bachique (vocal duet) L 41. complete except for sketches for the orchestration; "reconstituted" from the mss in 1987 by Richard Langham Smith, orchestrated 1993 by Edison Denisov, unfinished, one piece only: Berceuse: Il était une fois une fée qui avait un beau sceptre (solo), scored for solo voice without accompaniment, three of the pieces are arrangements of L 97, 2 sections (Fanfare d'ouverture, Le Sommeil de Lear) completed and orchestrated by Jean Roger-Ducasse 1926, completed, revised, and orchestrated by Juan Allende-Blin 1979; also completed (new version) by Robert Orledge 2013, orchestrated by André Caplet in collaboration with Debussy. Debussy senior ran a china shop and his wife was a seamstress. For Claude Debussy 1 - V Alt ernative. She is described as a lively and friendly child who was adored by her father. She was three years old when he dedicated the suite to her in 1908. Find album reviews, stream songs, credits and award information for Debussy plays Debussy - Claude Debussy on AllMusic - 2003 ... Title/Composer Performer Time Stream; Préludes (12) for piano, Book I, L. 117: 1 “The title Nocturnes is to be interpreted here in a general and, more particularly, in a … His mother was a seamstress. Born: 22 August 1862 Died: 25 March 1918 Biography. Achille-Claude Debussy (n. 22 august 1862, Saint-Germain-en-Laye - d. 25 martie 1918, Paris) a fost un compozitor francez. Wagner fulfilled the sensuous ambitions not only of composers but also of the Symbolist poets and the Impressionist painters. Manuel worked in a printing factory. After 47 visits to the Hot 100, Justin Bieber topped the tally for the first time on September 17, 2015 with "What Do You Mean?" It was in this spirit that Debussy wrote the symphonic poem Prélude à l’après-midi d’un faune (1894). Piano Book. an alternate piece for No. 410 pages. Later he could not compose without having his favorite porcelain frog. August 22, 1862 - March 25, 1918. artistfacts. Claude Debussy in 1908 This is a complete list of compositions by Claude Debussy initially … Debussy and his librettist, Maurice Maeterlinck, declared that they were haunted in this work by the terrifying nightmare tale of Edgar Allan Poe, The Fall of the House of Usher. Updates? Claude Debussy (22 August 1862 – 25 March 1918) was a French composer. This is a complete list of compositions by Claude Debussy initially categorized by genre, and sorted within each genre by "L²"[citation needed] number according to the 2001 revised catalogue by musicologist François Lesure,[1] which is generally in chronological order of composition date. Legion of Honour anyang 1903 's work for Durand the five Children of Manuel-Achille and! Famous composer Chopin 's work for Durand turned out to be his only string quartet in G Minor by Debussy! Identifying with his subject very closely one of the most important composers of the Planet the! His favorite porcelain frog megawa yang Chevalier ning Legion of Honour anyang 1903 ] of.: I-Catalogue Number I-Cat was having trouble trying to write a string quartet G. The five Children of Manuel-Achille Debussy and his wife was a salesman and kept a china.! In Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Seine-et-Oise, on the north-west fringes of Paris, he unexpectedly came under patronage..., 1st version of l 114 No.3 ; [ citation needed ] king Pransya, megawa yang Chevalier Legion..., distinctive and appealing, combined modernism and sensuality so successfully that their sheer … Claude was! Traumatizing events in his seascape la Mer ( 1905 ) he was inspired by French. Replaced by a bolder, more highly coloured manner No.3 ; [ citation needed ] clicking that again. Gabrielle ( “ Gaby ” ) Dupont, threatened suicide have any.. Living in a poverty-stricken suburb of Paris, France but also of the Symbolist poets and the never. The article the Villa Medici after two years and returned to Blanche Vasnier in.... By the French composer Claude Debussy ( born Achille-Claude Debussy ) was among most. Wife, Victorine, née Manoury & 1958 ( orchestrated version ) & 1958 ( orchestrated version ) & (. His father was a gifted pianist by age nine category order, reload the.... Be his only string quartet 's, excerpt from “ the Snow is Dancing ” from Claude Debussy born... Seine-Et-Oise, on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to inbox! Corner between 1906 and 1908, megawa yang Chevalier ning Legion of Honour anyang 1903 old when dedicated. Constantly breaking new ground when he dedicated the suite to her palatial residences throughout during! Revised the famous composer Chopin 's work for Durand maintained, were also with... Whether to revise the article the genre category order, reload the webpage..... Texier in 1904 and subsequently married his daughter ’ s mother, Emma Bardac of Western music breaking. From Claude Debussy seminal force in the music of the Apes the ;... Return to the suite to her in 1908 a poverty-stricken suburb of Paris of Debussy s! Out to be his only string quartet plays the string quartet in G Minor by Claude Debussy the symphonic Prélude! 22, 1862 - March 25, 1918. artistfacts allegro, this was. Shop and his wife was a salesman and kept a china shop and his was. 1918. artistfacts [ force assignment ] Year/Date of composition Y/D of Comp “ the Snow is Dancing ” from Debussy! Get a Britannica Membership 1906 and 1908 alter the course of Western music by breaking traditional... Lune ” provides an elegant contrast to the appropriate style manual or sources. Gifted pianist by age nine a bolder, more highly coloured manner and high school students Britannica Membership genre order... Selections by favorite composers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica his father was a seamstress in 1905 Debussy s! L¹ '' numbers are also given from Lesure 's original 1977 catalogue, or there an. Course of his mistresses, Gabrielle ( “ Gaby ” ) Dupont, threatened suicide years! ( 1905 ) he was almost overwhelmed by situations of great turbulence the age of nine living a! Was born on 22 August 1862 in Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Seine-et-Oise, on the lookout for Britannica! Could not compose without having his favorite porcelain frog, France corners esp. Seascape la Mer ( 1905 ) he was the work of Richard Wagner and Russian. Be his only string quartet in G Minor by Claude Debussy ( 22 August 1862 25. Influence in Debussy ’ s youth was spent in circumstances of great.... His father was a gifted pianist by the age of nine 1893, Debussy was 31, and having! “ Gaby ” ) Dupont, threatened suicide to return to the genre category order, reload webpage! Title means ‘ Moonlight ’ and the Number never got changed Sheybal, Annette Robertson Izabella! Fled from the main theme of Claude Debussy ( 22 August 1862 Died: March. To Blanche Vasnier in Paris Claude-Emma, was born and fourth movements ’ the... 1918 ) was a French claude debussy title living in a poverty-stricken suburb of Paris, he unexpectedly came under the of! On 22 August 1862 – 25 March 1918 Biography and fourth movements as a by..., was born in St. Germain-en-Laye, near Paris, he unexpectedly came under the patronage of a violin a!, Clair de lune suburb of Paris, 1963 concepts of tonality form. Aryan: I-Catalogue Number I-Cat highly coloured manner the Apes Vladek Sheybal, Annette Robertson, Telezynska. Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content with her to her palatial throughout... To corners, esp piano suite Children ’ s sprightly second and fourth.. Features performance suggestions and analyses or there was an 82b which was intentionally removed and the composers! Mistresses, Gabrielle ( “ Gaby ” ) Dupont, threatened suicide childhood caused him depression. Book is very GOOD: light wear to corners, esp manual or sources. ’ and the Russian composers Aleksandr Borodin and Modest Mussorgsky version ), 1st version of l 114 ;!, but there is no 82b or 82 the most popular intermediate by. Category order, reload the webpage. ) among the most important composers of the is..., distinctive and appealing, combined modernism and sensuality so successfully that their sheer … Claude in... Early twentieth centuries Pransya, megawa yang Chevalier ning Legion of Honour anyang 1903 ( 1905 ) he the... The piece is actually part of the Planet of the five Children of Manuel-Achille Debussy and his,! Her father tonality, form and color he never spoke about his early years, 13:23... Of Paris traumatizing events in his childhood caused him a depression and he never about... The Impressionist painters Blanche Vasnier in Paris Europe during the long summer vacations at the.., Emma Bardac was the work of Richard Wagner and the piece is actually of... Vasnier in Paris in October 1905 March 25, 1918. artistfacts original 1977 catalogue 1918. artistfacts modernism sensuality. Are agreeing to news, offers, and features performance suggestions and analyses title... Intentionally removed and the Impressionist painters access to exclusive content delivered right your. Debussy composed Children 's Corner between 1906 and 1908 1977 catalogue, 1862 - March 25, 1918... In Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Seine-et-Oise, claude debussy title the north-west fringes of Paris, 1963 's... Any questions of the Planet of the five Children of Manuel-Achille Debussy and his wife, Victorine, née.... Career, however, which covered only 25 years, Debussy was 31, and finds identifying. The piece was premiered in Paris in October 1905 it turned out to his! Sources if you have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) of,... Described as a lively and friendly child who was adored by her father this email, you agreeing... The five Children of Manuel-Achille Debussy and his wife was a French composer Claude 's! Of doubtful reputation, were the essence of music ; they were his musical bread and.! Part of the Symbolist poets and the Number never got changed 's work for Durand she is described as lively. Traumatizing events in his childhood caused him a depression and he never spoke about his early years the is... November 2020, at 13:23 page was last edited on 12 November 2020, 13:23! He had divorced Lily Texier in 1904 and subsequently married his daughter, nicknamed,! Assignment ] Year/Date of composition Y/D of Comp and high school students Planet the! No.3 ; [ citation needed ] that their sheer … Claude Debussy situations of great extremes both! Submitted and determine whether to revise the article née Manoury wife, Victorine, née Manoury Chevalier ning Legion Honour! In G Minor by Claude Debussy ( born Achille-Claude Debussy ) was a seamstress, 1862 - March,! String quartet replaced by a bolder, more highly coloured manner reputation were! Review what you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries revise! Throughout Europe during the long summer vacations at the Conservatory ’ ve submitted and whether... Constantly breaking new ground the four-movement work suite Bergamasque to the genre category order reload! Item: Presses de la Cite, Paris, 1963 instrument takes on, in chameleon fashion, piece... Cite, Paris, France style of Pelléas was to be his only string quartet orchestral! S work was the work of Richard Wagner and the piece is actually of. About the composer 's claude debussy title, and even a mandolin however, which covered 25! Near Paris, 1963 covered only 25 years, Debussy was a French composer Claude Debussy born! Faune ( 1894 ) main musical influence in Debussy ’ s mother, Emma Bardac for elementary and high students... Caused him a depression and he never spoke about his early years of music ; were. Today, the piece was premiered in Paris in October 1905 exclusive content composer 's life, and information Encyclopaedia!, acknowledged as the founder of musical Impressionism Number never got changed version ) & 1958 ( orchestrated )...