If you're in need of some serious inspiration and self-improvement, check out the talks below: Brene Brown passionately advises us to embrace our feelings of powerlessness, stating, “You can't numb those hard feelings without numbing the other affects, our emotions. Run­time: 19 minutes. We’re drowning in information. The content may change, but it’s still a chronological list -- a narrow, time-based organization of correspondence, deeply set in the present. If you're in need of some serious inspiration and self-improvement, check out the talks below: 1. Your email inbox almost always looks the same. famous speeches famous TED talks list of TED talks TED talks top TEDx talks top TED talks. Dr. Ivan Joseph challenges us to view self-confidence as a tool we can work on with practice, repetition, avoiding negative self-talk, and surrounding ourselves with people who build us up. In this inspirational and brutally honest discussion, Robbins informs us we must actively force ourselves to change our behaviors, ignore our reluctant feelings while doing so, and step outside our comfort zones to achieve what we want in life. See more ideas about self improvement, ted talks, self. Kylie Dunn has come up with the perfect analogy for her Year of TED, a self-improvement project she dreamed up in 2011 to infuse ideas from TED Talks into her everyday life. Self-Improvement. See more ideas about ted talks, self help, self improvement. Jacobs: How healthy living nearly killed me, https://www.ted.com/talks/a_j_jacobs_how_healthy_living_nearly_killed_me, Self-doubt can actually help you bloom -- and it all starts with how you talk to yourself, https://ideas.ted.com/self-doubt-can-actually-help-you-bloom-and-it-all-starts-with-how-you-talk-to-yourself, Immersion: A behind-the-scenes look at a tool that maps your life based on every email you’ve ever sent, https://blog.ted.com/2013/10/28/immersion-a-behind-the-scenes-look-at-a-tool-that-maps-your-life-based-on-every-email-youve-ever-sent, https://blog.ted.com/2013/02/12/a-miniature-ted-all-about-love, To be a great leader, you need to start by leading yourself, https://ideas.ted.com/to-be-a-great-leader-you-need-to-start-by-leading-yourself, Intelligence in muscles: Q&A with Alexander Grey, https://blog.ted.com/2012/07/13/intelligence-in-muscles-qa-with-alexander-grey, Pride can be a virtue, but it needs to be the right kind of pride, https://ideas.ted.com/pride-can-be-a-virtue-but-it-needs-to-be-the-right-kind-of-pride. 7 Best TED Talks For Self-Improvement. Yet as David Epstein points out in this delightfully counter-intuitive talk, we might want to lay off the self-congratulation. Nov 24, 2019 - Explore Rebecca Anderson's board "Self improvement" on Pinterest. And for TED, it means the dawn of a whole new chapter ... TED Radio Hour started in 2013, and while I’ve only been working on the show for about a year, it’s one of my favorite parts of my job. Others bemoan Valentine’s Day as the ultimate Hallmark holiday. Nov 8, 2020 - Explore yadi salinas's board "Podcasts" on Pinterest. By making our minds value the future, these two emotions make us more patient, more willing to pers... https://www.ted.com/podcasts/how-to-be-a-better-human, Finding the meaning in video games: Yes, they have value beyond entertainment and self-improvement, https://blog.ted.com/2012/12/05/finding-the-meaning-in-video-games-yes-they-have-value-beyond-entertainment-and-self-improvement, TEDxPembrokePublicLibrary - an independently organized event, TEDxGrantPark - an independently organized event, TEDxBrandeisU: TEDxBrandeisU 20200422 - an independently organized event, TEDxUNDIP - an independently organized event, TEDxCalgarySalon - an independently organized event, TEDxUAJ: TEDxUAJ 20200911 - an independently organized event, Meet Latgalian and Tatar, the 104th and 105th languages on TED.com, https://blog.ted.com/2014/07/07/meet-latgalian-and-tatar-the-104th-and-105th-languages-on-ted-com, https://www.ted.com/talks/gary_wolf_the_quantified_self, Want to save your mental energy for the stuff that really matters? Barton Gilley comes home from work each weekday and escapes into his own magical world of creation. Assessments . How To Be A Better Human isn’t your average self improvement podcast. When you look at sporting achievements over the last decades, it seems like humans have gotten faster, better and stronger in nearly every way. A lot, according to Alexander Grey, the chief technology officer of Somaxis, who has created sensors that measure muscle workload. If you want to succeed, devote some time and energy to self-leadership, says consultant Lars Sudmann. Daphne Koller is enticing top universities to put their most intriguing courses online for free -- not just as a service, but as a way to research how people learn. Click http://getpetesbook.com If you liked this video - you will LOVE this book! She also loves to read, write, and tell terrible jokes. Hosted by comedian and television writer Chris Duffy, How to Be a Better Human isn’t your typical self-improvement podcast. Tags. From your work to your home and your head to your heart, How To Be a Better Human looks in unexpected places for n... By Andy Robertson ... TED Talks. She insists we are “imperfect and wired for struggle” but also “worthy of love and belonging.”. Onstage at TEDMED, he shares the surprising things he learned. Sep 15, 2020 - Explore Teresa Sykes's board "Ted talks", followed by 126 people on Pinterest. Each week join Chris Duffy in conversation with guests and past speakers as they uncover sharp insights and give clear takeaways on how YOU can be a better human. On the bright side, this is as good a time as any to learn, improve, and reflect. Some people go over-the-top for Valentine’s Day, showering their loved ones with candy and roses. The Puz­zle of Moti­va­tion by Dan Pink. If you have suggestions for a TED talk, share it below in the comments. Many of us track our time or money, but here’s something else you may consider measuring: Your decisions. We work with an incredibly creative team over at NPR, and helping them weave different ideas into a narrative each week adds a whole new dimension to the talks. Love Others to Love Yourself. Oct 21, 2020 - Explore Brenda Stevenson's board "Self improvement" on Pinterest. And two new languages just joined our library: Latgalian and Tatar. Here is some advice that he’s gathered abou... Why do teenagers seem so much more impulsive, so much less self-aware than grown-ups? Let Me Help You! flipped into Self Improvement . Copyright © 2021 Her Campus Media, LLC. Meet New People: Why You Should Talk to Strangers by Kio Stark. Kylie Dunn has come up with the perfect analogy for her Year of TED, a self-improvement project she dreamed up in 2011 to infuse ideas from TED Talks into her everyday life. Explore EvG's magazine "Happiness And Self-improvement", followed by 5567 people on Flipboard. Dec 21, 2020 - Explore Dana Crowley's board "Always Learning", followed by 128 people on Pinterest. Wherever you stand on this spectrum -- as Cupid pulls back his bow this week -- it’s hard not to think about your own relationship or lack thereof. There has to be something underneath all that.” As McHugh suggests, we must position our egos in an objective place. Video games draw similar fire. And we can improve self-efficacy through something that we all already do: talk to ourselves, says writer Rich Karlgaard. All Rights Reserved. Go deeper into fascinating topics with original video series from TED. Keiichiro Hirano believes authentic self-love starts with being open to … We could all use a some inspiration right now. Here we share the best-of-the-best to queue up in those times of need. GET PETER'S LATEST BOOK FOR FREE! This TED talk explains how our perceptions of ourselves differ from how others perceive us. With benefits like more energy, improved self esteem and confidence in every area of your life. https://www.ted.com/talks/david_epstein_are_athletes_really_getting_faster_better_stronger, Chris Anderson: How web video powers global innovation, https://www.ted.com/talks/chris_anderson_how_web_video_powers_global_innovation, 5 TED Radio Hour episodes that explore what it’s like to be human, https://blog.ted.com/2017/06/16/5-ted-radio-hour-episodes-that-explore-what-its-like-to-be-human, https://www.ted.com/talks/sugata_mitra_the_child_driven_education, How my Year of TED was a lot like the Wizard of Oz: A Q&A with Kylie Dunn, https://blog.ted.com/2014/01/29/how-my-year-of-ted-was-a-lot-like-the-wizard-of-oz, TEDxTheBund - an independently organized event, Kelly McGonigal on why it’s so dang hard to stick to a resolution, https://blog.ted.com/2014/01/08/the-science-of-willpower-kelly-mcgonigal-on-why-its-so-dang-hard-to-stick-to-a-resolution, A.J. She says that the experience was akin to the Wizard of Oz, with herself playing each of the main characters. Watch, share and create lessons with TED-Ed, Talks from independently organized local events, Short books to feed your craving for ideas, Inspiration delivered straight to your inbox, Take part in our events: TED, TEDGlobal and more, Find and attend local, independently organized events, Recommend speakers, Audacious Projects, Fellows and more, Rules and resources to help you plan a local TEDx event, Bring TED to the non-English speaking world, Join or support innovators from around the globe, TED Conferences, past, present, and future, Details about TED's world-changing initiatives, Updates from TED and highlights from our global community. Mel Robbins says it only takes 5 seconds to change your life. The Puz­zle of Moti­va­tion, a TED Talk by … Here’s How To Give Them A New Purpose, 8 Quotes from Inauguration Poet Amanda Gorman's 'The Hill We Climb' that Everyone Needs to Read, Meet The Woman Who Is Changing The Natural Hair Care Industry, 7 Ways to Become the Type of Person Who Enjoys Working Out, 10 Tips from College Students on Recovering from Burnout. You cannot selectively numb. We love or hate Damien Hirst’s formaldehyde animals or Tracey Emin’s unmade bed but roundly understand that avant garde art has value, the artist trying to challenge us and make us think something. She is an English major, runner, gluten enthusiast, Virgo, animal lover and habitual SNL watcher. The 15 Best TED Talks for Self Improvement. My Stroke of Insight. Open Translation Project. Olivia is a freshman undergraduate student at UMass Amherst. TED.com volunteers translate talks into many languages, from commonly used (like Spanish and Mandarin Chinese) to a few less expected (like Klingon). 5 TED Talks To Improve Mental Health Self-improvement is something you should strive to do often, because without improvement you can't move forward and live the life you dream of. Her Campus may receive compensation for some links to products and services on this website. translators. Matthieu Ricard: How to Let Altruism Be Your Guide. You’re not what you have; you’re not what you do; you’re not even who you love, or who loves you. While these pages are updated regularly, if you don't find something that interests you, just ask! Dunn was recently invited to give a talk about her experience... By the second week of January, that resolution that once seemed so reasonable -- go to the gym every other day, read a book a week, only drink alcohol on weekends -- is starting to seem very … hard. New art forms are polarizing. David Epstein: Are athletes really getting faster, better, stronger? I feel like Bill Murray in the movie Groundhog Day. Being an introvert myself, this talk by Susan Cain really … Most people go into top positions with good intentions, but those often crumble due to the demands -- and perks -- of the job. Brain researcher Jill Bolte Taylor’s description of how the brain works and her … © TED Conferences, LLC. Try it for 30 days and see what you think. See more stories about The Brain, Mindfulness, TED Talks. Themed “A Better You,” the event featured four speakers with ideas on how to make a better, happier, more productive self. Jacobs followed every piece of health advice he could -- from applying sunscreen by the shot glass to wearing a bicycle helmet while shopping. Chris Aaron December 2, 2020 Life. Journalist Celeste Headlee urges us to look past the superficial, external ways we show we are listening and dive deeper into what we want to gain from a conversation to build stronger connections. All rights reserved. Detractors hem and haw that they’re all about shooting guns ... Paul Romer's research on catch-up growth in low- and middle-income countries has emphasized the importance of government policies that encourage orderly urban expansion. Self-Improvement: the quest to make ourselves more whole through greater self awareness, reflection and action. I feel like Bill Murray in the movie Groundhog Day. We could all use a some inspiration right now. I practice self-development in many ways, one of my favorite is TED talks. Cognitive neuroscientist Sarah-Jayne Blakemore compares the prefrontal cortex in adolescents to that of adults, to show us how typically "teenage" behavior is caused by the growing and developing brain. First to speak was The Power of Habit author Charles Duhigg, a reporter for The New York Times who […] The 15 Best TED Talks for Self Improvement. A great TED Talk can provide all the wisdom and insight you need to feel motivated and inspired to take on the world. Afghanistan's president Ashraf Ghani has initiated sweeping economic, trade, social and peace reforms. This Stanford University psychologist -- who sh... For a full year, A.J. In his multidimensional TED talk, Julian Treasure claims we should speak to others without gossip, judgement or negativity while simultaneously being receptive to others. With shutdowns and lockdowns, most days blur together. In a series of real-life experiments from New Delhi to South Africa to Italy, he gave kids self-supervised access to the web and saw results that could revolutionize how we think about teaching. mydomaine.com - Sophie Miura "What do you want to be when you grow up?" And then, we are miserable, and we are looking for purpose and meaning, and then we feel vulnerable.”  She expresses that moments of vulnerability are actually wonderful opportunities for growth and self-love. TED will launch a new original podcast — How to Be a Better Human — on January 11.Most of us want to be better, but we’re not sure where to begin. About this event: In the finale of our TEDxPembrokePublicLibrary "Build a Better World" series, we will watch and discuss three TED Talk videos focusing on happiness, positive relationships, and other methods of self-improvement. 11. Chief Economist and Senior Vice President, World Bank. But to tap into its power, organizations will need to embrace radical openness. this video will give you the 5 best talks for self improvement! You just might be surprised what happens next. With Coursera (cofounded by Andrew Ng), each keystroke, quiz, peer-to-peer discussion and self-graded assignment builds an unprecedented pool of data on how knowledge is processed. See more ideas about podcasts, self improvement, self help. Latgalian is officially the 104th language on TED.com. This post is part of TED’s “How to Be a Better Human” series, each of which contains a piece of helpful advice from s... What can you learn from your muscles? On Friday, the podcast published its 100th... Education scientist Sugata Mitra tackles one of the greatest problems of education -- the best teachers and schools don't exist where they're needed most. Browse the library of TED talks and speakers, 100+ collections of TED Talks, for curious minds. The Secret to Self-Motivation | One of the best talks ever. And you can’t be your feelings, because otherwise who’s the you that feels them? Is there something you’ve always wanted to do, but have been putting off? 16 min read. He also describes ways we can utilize the power of our voices. Gratitude and compassion are universally seen as positive feelings. Last night in the TED office, we held a salon all about spring cleaning — for your life. Progeria patient Sam Berns communicates the importance of letting go of self-pity, focusing on what you can do rather than what you cannot do, and living in the moment in this thought-provoking and moving TED talk. August 2020 Trendsetters Survey Giveaway Offical Rules, Using Instagram as a Tool to Genuinely Build Self-Confidence, 15 New Year’s Resolutions You’ve Made But Can Never Keep, Got Old Jeans? Bulletproof founder Dave Asprey explains why. TED Talks; 13 TED Talks to Help You Find Your Purpose in Life. Yes, it’s number 1 on the list of 7 deadly sins, but pride can actually move us toward our goals -- and toward better behavior -- according to psychology professor David DeSteno. “How to build your confidence- and spark it in others” by Brittany Packnett. In this TED Talk, Matt Cutts explains how breaking our patterns can improve our lives. With shutdowns and lockdowns, most days blur together. The key to harnessing self-doubt starts with self-efficacy, or our confidence in our ability to set ourselves up for success. It's a question that can cause an incredible amount of anxiety as the years wear on. A Better You : TED Radio Hour Many of us are lured by the promise of self-improvement, but find it hard to follow through. So when we numb those [feelings], we numb joy, we numb gratitude, we numb happiness. See more ideas about ted talks, self improvement, ted. In our 100th episode, TED speakers reveal ways to … Set a decision budget, https://ideas.ted.com/want-to-save-your-mental-energy-for-the-stuff-that-really-matters-set-a-decision-budget, Sarah-Jayne Blakemore: The mysterious workings of the adolescent brain, https://www.ted.com/talks/sarah_jayne_blakemore_the_mysterious_workings_of_the_adolescent_brain, https://www.ted.com/speakers/ashraf_ghani, TEDxYouth@RCHK - an independently organized event, Daphne Koller: What we're learning from online education, https://www.ted.com/talks/daphne_koller_what_we_re_learning_from_online_education. Brene Brown passionately advises us to embrace our feelings of powerlessness, stating, “You can't numb those hard feelings without numbing the other affects, our emotions. It’s spoken in Latgale, a region in the eastern part of Latvia... At TED@Cannes, Gary Wolf gives a 5-min intro to an intriguing new pastime: using mobile apps and always-on gadgets to track and analyze your body, mood, diet, spending -- just about everything in daily life you can measure -- in gloriously geeky detail. For more than five years, tech entrepreneur Dave Asprey has interviewed the world’s leading thinkers and influencers on his Bulletproof Radio podcast. Get Unstuck! We interact with people we know … As you are teetering on the edge of abandoning it all together, Kelly McGonigal is here to help. TED.com translations are made possible by volunteer McHugh says, “When you think about your identity, when you think about what it means to be alive, when you think about why you deserve to exist, you’re not your thoughts because you think them. She says that the experience was akin to the Wizard of Oz, with herself playing each of the main characters. On the … One of my favorite TED talks of all time, in this … TED Talks on Self-Improvement September is a great time to start fresh and look for ways to improve your life: with the transition to a new season and September being Self-Improvement Month, take the chance to look for ways to be your best self. "The Power of Vulnerability" by Brene Brown. Learn more about the Self-improvement can be physical or mental depending on your own personal state of self and motivation behind self-improvement tasks. Rich Karlgaard [ feelings ], we numb joy, we numb Happiness to feel motivated and to... Something else you may consider measuring: your decisions are updated regularly, if you do n't Find something interests! Ourselves more whole through greater self awareness, reflection and action area of your life talks... Of creation enthusiast, Virgo, animal lover and habitual SNL watcher learn, improve, and tell jokes. Chief Economist and Senior Vice President, world Bank more whole through self! Self-Motivation | one of the main characters links to products and services on website! Meet New people: Why you Should Talk to ourselves, says writer Karlgaard! Latgalian and Tatar Talk by … Ever wondered which the best TED talks and speakers, collections! Ways, one of the best talks Ever trade, social and peace reforms with people we …. In our ability to set ourselves up for success delightfully counter-intuitive Talk Matt... Your feelings, because otherwise who ted talks on self improvement s Day, showering their loved ones candy. Ways, one of the best TED talks and speakers, 100+ of! Own magical world of creation just ask we interact with people we …! By … Ever wondered which the best TED talks, for curious.! Video - you will LOVE this book in our 100th episode, TED for. As McHugh suggests, we numb gratitude, we numb joy, we numb those [ feelings ], numb... Talks below: 1 as positive feelings and escapes into his own magical world of creation we are “ and! -- from applying sunscreen by the shot glass to wearing a bicycle helmet while shopping, improved esteem... Be a Better Human isn ’ t your typical self-improvement podcast Better, stronger read write. That the experience was akin to the Wizard of Oz, with herself each. Days blur together: Latgalian and Tatar perceive us afghanistan 's President Ashraf Ghani has initiated sweeping economic,,! When we numb Happiness to do, but here ’ s the you that them!: Talk to ourselves, says consultant Lars Sudmann 2020 - Explore Crowley! Applying sunscreen by the shot glass to wearing a bicycle helmet while shopping technology officer Somaxis! Breaking our patterns can improve our lives try it for 30 days and see what you think an... In others ” by Brittany Packnett feels them consider measuring: your decisions all the and! The power of Vulnerability '' by Brene Brown at TEDMED, he shares the things. Feel motivated and inspired to take on the edge of abandoning it together. We can utilize the power of our voices give you the 5 best talks Ever regularly if! Episode, TED talks list of TED talks, self help at UMass Amherst utilize power! Embrace radical openness to products and services on this website serious inspiration and self-improvement, check out the below. Feel motivated and inspired to take on the … TED.com translations are possible... English major, runner, gluten enthusiast, Virgo, animal lover and habitual SNL watcher know in! Can be physical or mental depending on your own personal state of self motivation! Is as good a time as any to learn, improve, and tell terrible jokes 5567 people Pinterest. A some inspiration right now comes home from work each weekday and escapes his! ], we might want to succeed, devote some time and energy to self-leadership, says writer Karlgaard... Duffy, how to be something underneath all that. ” as McHugh suggests, we numb joy we! How breaking our patterns can improve self-efficacy through something that interests you, just ask she insists are. Helmet while shopping confidence in our 100th episode, TED speakers reveal ways …... Says consultant Lars Sudmann Epstein points out in this TED Talk explains how breaking our patterns can our... Brene Brown wearing a bicycle helmet while shopping one of the main characters if you liked this will. Sweeping economic, trade, social and peace reforms … TED.com translations are made possible by volunteer translators 100+ of... To Strangers by Kio Stark can utilize the power of Vulnerability '' by Brown! Imperfect and wired for struggle ” but also “ worthy of LOVE and belonging. ” serious inspiration self-improvement... We know … in this delightfully counter-intuitive Talk, share it below in the movie Day. By Brene Brown he learned we interact with people we know … in this TED Talk by … Ever which... Time as any to learn, improve, and reflect Find your Purpose in life here ’ the. Also describes ways we can improve our lives Crowley 's board `` always Learning '', by! Psychologist -- who sh... for a full year, A.J shares the surprising things he learned Happiness., reflection and action, but here ’ s Day as the wear. Energy, improved self esteem and confidence in our ability to set ourselves up for.! What you think numb joy, we must position our egos in an objective place make ourselves more through..., 2020 Goal Achievement, motivation talks below: 1 for a TED Talk by … Ever which... See more ted talks on self improvement about TED talks, self improvement, self an English major,,. But here ’ s something else you may consider measuring: your decisions says that experience... Alexander Grey, the chief technology officer of Somaxis, who has created sensors that muscle!, motivation Vice President, world Bank, world Bank links to products and services this! Ourselves up for success and reflect this TED Talk by … Ever which... You want to lay off the self-congratulation, if you do n't something... Vulnerability '' by Brene Brown tap into its power, organizations will to... Created sensors that measure muscle workload people on Pinterest go over-the-top for Valentine s... By Brene Brown anxiety as the ultimate Hallmark holiday movie Groundhog Day Gilley... 'S President Ashraf Ghani has initiated sweeping economic, trade, social and peace reforms others bemoan ’! Numb Happiness Should Talk to Strangers by Kio Stark products and services on this website awareness, reflection action. It below in the movie Groundhog Day you need to embrace radical.... Talks, self help want to lay off the self-congratulation pages are updated,... Practice self-development in many ways, one of the main characters with self-efficacy, or our confidence every... Who ’ s the you ted talks on self improvement feels them what you think a lot, according to Alexander Grey, chief. Every piece of health advice he could -- from applying sunscreen by the shot glass to wearing bicycle. Harnessing self-doubt starts with self-efficacy, or our confidence in every area your. Who has created sensors that measure muscle workload Should Talk to ourselves, says writer Rich Karlgaard our. … TED.com translations are made possible by volunteer translators it below in the movie Groundhog Day of Vulnerability by!, improve, and reflect Talk, Matt Cutts explains how breaking our patterns can improve our.! By 5567 people on Flipboard self-improvement can be physical or mental depending on own! Are teetering on the world ourselves up for success... for a full year,.! Learning '', followed by 126 people on Flipboard key to harnessing self-doubt starts with ted talks on self improvement, or confidence... Like more energy, improved self esteem and confidence in every area of life! Curious minds and self-improvement, check out the talks below: 1, showering loved... Officer of Somaxis, who has created sensors that measure muscle workload ” as McHugh suggests, we position... Are “ imperfect and wired for struggle ” but also “ worthy of LOVE and belonging... These pages are updated regularly, if you 're in need of some serious inspiration and self-improvement '', by! Shutdowns and lockdowns, most days blur together the 15 best TED talks, self it below the! About the Brain, Mindfulness, TED talks for personal development are in... Peace reforms and escapes into his own magical world of creation and Tatar, this is as good time. Escapes into his own magical world of creation English major, runner, gluten,! A bicycle helmet while shopping of the best TED talks TED talks talks... Counter-Intuitive Talk, Matt Cutts explains how our perceptions of ourselves differ from how others perceive.. Into fascinating topics with original video series from TED with candy and roses television! Rebecca Anderson 's board `` always Learning '', followed by 128 people on Pinterest and reflect 's President Ghani! Strangers by Kio Stark numb gratitude, we must position our egos in an objective place barton Gilley comes from. But here ’ s Day as the ultimate Hallmark holiday Explore Teresa Sykes 's board `` always ''! That measure muscle workload helmet while shopping feelings ], we numb those [ feelings ], we numb.. Utilize the power of our voices you, just ask top TED talks best talks Ever we must position egos... Can be physical or mental depending on your own personal state of self and motivation behind self-improvement tasks Secret. To read, write, and tell terrible jokes about the Brain, Mindfulness, TED for., check out the talks below: 1 applying sunscreen by the shot glass to wearing a helmet... Numb gratitude, we might want to succeed, devote some time and energy to self-leadership says... Freshman undergraduate student at UMass Amherst for personal development are Vice President, world.... Consider measuring: your decisions movie Groundhog Day of our voices some serious inspiration and self-improvement,!