Myanmar’s ASEAN neighbours have identified the quality of teaching as crucial to the success of their reforms, as has Myanmar, which included reforms for the training and management of teachers in the NEL. The All Burma Federation of Student Unions noted there has been no significant changes in the country’s education system since the time of the British colonizers. As often said, the fundamental basis of development for a nation or country lies in health and Catering largely to expatriates and wealthy local families who want their children to have an international, English-language education, there are now 438 private schools with about 100,000 students on their books, according to MoE figures. Science, Technology and Innovation. As a percentage of GDP spending on education rose from 0.7% in FY 2011/12 to 2.1% in FY 2013/14. A mix of federally run and decentralized education systems rank highest. 29. The educational system is generally corrupt, with seats in better schools often reserved for children of those with government connections. The college currently has about 100 students working towards a higher national diploma, a pre-degree UK qualification, and the institution is talking to some UK universities about partnerships that would allow students to continue their studies for two more years to gain a degree. On the flip side, there are nations with inadequate educational systems. 2.3 Safe. The Education Reconstruction Committee Report of 1947 included a wide array of school reforms such as bilingual curricula, vocational training, and health education. In second place is the United States, about 70% of graduates go on to a higher education program. Most cater to Myanmar’s upper class, as well as the children of expatriates working in the country. Other institutions were moved to remote campuses further away from urban centres as a way of isolating opposition to military rule. Myanmar is at an historic stage in its development and is pursuing a reform agenda. An increasing number of private schools have also been established since 2012, when legislation was passed allowing private institutions to open. These are deep-rooted cultural practices, but we have to overcome such barriers.”. Here, a military-run regime has led to an inefficient education system, where post-secondary education is virtually nonexistent. Average Monthly Temperature 1901 - 2009 (C) Average Monthly Rainfall 1901 - 2009 (mm) The … According to a September 2016 report from the Myanmar Times, the MoE’s Department of Basic Education currently employs 369,919 teachers, with starting salaries ranging from MMK155,000 ($126) for a newly qualified primary school teacher to MMK175,000 ($142) for a high school teacher. This article is from the Health & Education chapter of The Report: Myanmar 2017. United States 3. As elsewhere in Myanmar’s education system, reform in the tertiary sector requires systemic change and will take time to achieve. Meanwhile, The Asia Foundation, a San Francisco-based international non-profit has been donating new English-language educational and children’s books to Myanmar. Thus, it is clear the nation’s net enrolment rates have been improving since the country embarked on its political reforms. Those results and rankings can be found in our annual Global Education Report. Yet, despite the increase, Myanmar remains well behind its ASEAN neighbours, which spend an average of 3.6% of GDP on education. FINLAND. The Myanmar government wants to restructure and raise investments in the existing education system over the next five years so that it remains compatible with modern-day requirements, State Counsellor Daw Aung San Suu Kyi said in her New Year speech. New Year’s Babies: Over 2,688 children will be born in Myanmar on New Year’s Day - … Few things in life are more important than having an education. “Major shifts are required in the coming years to transform the national education system and ensure that all students progress through the education cycle, achieve quality learning standards, and fulfil their career and lifelong learning goals and aspirations,” the MoE wrote in its introduction to the NESP. More than 8 million students attend the government’s basic education schools in Myanmar. The 2nd quarter rankings are based on the results of our annual international survey that identify areas of needs to improve the quality of education for students 3 to 21, in 214 nations Based on this list, the United Kingdom comes out on top as having the world's best education system. Between 2010/11 and 2014/15 the MoE built 7616 new schools, with 11,776 classrooms, according to the draft version of the NESP from late 2015. The report includes country-specific three-year forecasts for major macroeconomic indicators, including commodity and financial markets. Children currently spend five years at primary school, four in lower secondary and two in upper secondary. The educational system of Myanmar (also known as Burma) is operated by the government Ministry of Education. Each of the four sections of the ACT is scored on a scale of 1-36, and then averaged and rounded to the nearest whole number to receive a composite score. The government has also said a 5% tax on mobile phones could be directed to education. Myanmar is still a grade three level of concern to the WHO, meaning multiple major events have affected public health in Myanmar. As a University of Oxford graduate, State Counsellor Daw Aung San Suu Kyi has gravitated towards the UK for assistance in rehabilitating the education* system. The goal is to ensure all children—especially the most disadvantaged—are able to … The rote learning of facts is no longer seen as the best way to prepare the country’s young people for the future. The GDP value of Myanmar represents 0.06 percent of the world economy. However, as parents are accustomed with this old learning system and are not familiar with the new one, they are not that willing for the change. Based on this list, Canada is the most educated nation. Table A reviews Myanmar’s progress in each of the HDI indicators. . We have to be patient,” Deepak Neopane, founder of City College Yangon, which opened in 2013 with the goal of training qualified engineers and is supported by private investors, told OBG. The United States' education ranking is enhanced by high schools like the Thomas Jefferson High School for Science and Technology. It has also worked with other organisations to publish children’s story books in local languages, and with the Myanmar Library Association is undertaking a pilot project in six high schools to Yangon, Mandalay and Magway to revitalise run-down libraries. 1. These rankings were based on three equally weighted countries that attribute a well-developed public education system, top-quality education, and whether respondents would consider attending university in that nation. Over 50% of adults in this country have completed some form of post-high school education. The education system is based on the United Kingdom's system, due to nearly a century of British and Christianpresences in Burma. Officials aim to establish a Higher Education Quality Assurance Agency to develop national quality standards and ensure accountability. The NESP anticipates a particular need in the area of non-formal education, helping people find alternative routes to learning and, eventually, work. University Rankings. US universities have also shown a willingness to help. For example, Dulwich College International has joined forces with Singapore-based investment holding company Yoma Strategic to open two international schools in Yangon. The United Kingdom has the well-known Eton College, along with Westminster School, both of which are highly selective. Our Goals 2019-2021. Education and Literacy. Sufficient financial resources and the support of international partners, including foreign governments (the British Council is providing assistance), international non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and aid agencies are seen as crucial to the NESP’s success, according to Win Aung. By looking at how children from each country performed on the exams, you can get a feel for how people's literacy rates and education levels compare from one country to the next. OBVIOUSLY, the entire educational system from basic to higher level is quite deficient. Access Myanmar’s economy facts, statistics, project information, development research from experts and latest news. “People are looking for quick bucks, and these are long-term investments. At the primary level, the net enrolment rate was 94.5% in 2014, compared with 87.8% in 2010, while at the secondary level the rate was 48.3% in 2014, up from 45.1% four years before. “The fees are going to be set largely by the international market,” Fraser White, Dulwich College International’s founder and executive chairman, told local media. The UN Children’s Fund, which is leading a language and peace-building initiative across Malaysia, Myanmar and Thailand, is also developing a similar programme in Kayin State. According to UNESCO data, there were 284,278 young children not enrolled in school in 2014, compared with 649,341 in 2010. Dulwich has already taken control of the operations of Pun Hlaing International School and will start classes at a purpose-built Star City campus in 2017. Primary Education. “In order to sustain economic growth and compete in the global economy, Myanmar’s higher education institutions will be reformed to enable greater knowledge production and to develop highly skilled research centres to support social and economic development,” the NESP stated. Speaking to weekly magazine Times Higher Education in July 2016, he said, “Rectors are more accessible. The outfit expects to cater to as many as 1400 students aged between two and 18 years once fully operational, with the first phase due to be completed in 2017. More money is being channelled into the sector as officials seek to build a 21st century education system to help push Myanmar into the ranks of the upper-middle-income nations by 2030. The MoE will also need to improve its administrative and implementation skills to push the ambitious programme through, he added. “Myanmar’s education system is in a truly atrocious state and help is desperately needed. What is most impressive about Singapore’s educational system is that they built it from scratch. The Data Broadcasting System has been utilized for distance education since July 2001. According to Kevin Mackenzie, director of the British Council in Myanmar for the four years until July 2016, there has been a drive towards autonomy – a key part of the reforms envisaged under the NESP. While most children attend schools under the MoE, private institutions have started to open, though a new, more comprehensive law on private education is awaiting the approval of the Parliament. After, adding five new key indicators to our educational ranking system, Finland is projected to take the official title in 2017. The programme is designed to give everyone in Myanmar the opportunity to advance, even if the traditional academic route proves inappropriate. Myanmar is also looking to foreign investment to expand its network of private schools and aid the recovery of higher education, particularly with alternative education pathways and vocational training. Global Economic Prospects. Universities and professional institutes from upper Burma and lower Burma are run by two separate entities, the Departments of Higher Education (Lower Burma and Upper Burma), whose office headquarters are in Yangon and Mandalay respectively. Myanmar. Still, other countries have increased their education funding. No matter Israel is kept on 8 th position in terms of the education system, it ranks second in terms of the better upbringing of kids and a developed childhood. At a time in Myanmar’s education system when the dedication, commitment, confidence and high social status of teachers are being eroded by malpractice and corruption, it is clear that corrective measures must be taken without delay to arrest this backslide. The revised system will include a teacher quality assessment system that will reward those who deliver measurable achievements in student learning. Health of Mothers and Children . Choose from the options below to purchase print or digital editions of our Reports. Explore other chapters from this report. The University of Yangon, the country’s most prestigious institution, was shut down following the student-led uprising of 1988 and only reopened at the end of 2013. This organization looked at the number of people between the ages of 25 and 64 who have completed a vocational program or had to receive a two- or four-year degree. Participation in Education . Students that participated in the study were given exam questions that tested their reading, math, and science abilities. Notably, Yangon University in 2020 upped its world rank to 7116 from … Singapore : Education system continues to impress with very little to work with, they rank in the world’s top 2 in both primary education students scores, and could overtake the UK in the next top 20 poll. Press release. Stay updated on how some of the world’s most promising markets are being affected by the Covid-19 pandemic, and what actions governments and private businesses are taking to mitigate challenges and ensure their long-term growth story continues. The new government has ambitious plans to reform education from top to bottom. Those in developed nations have higher literacy rates and at least a basic high school education. In the final two years of secondary school, the subjects of science and technology are conducted in English. The best countries for education are ranked based on a perception-based global survey. Presence Rank* Impact Rank* Openness Rank* Excellence Rank* 1: 7116: University of Yangon: 3866: 13146: 5819: 5096: 2: 9722: University of Mandalay The country had a total of 322,514 teachers, with a teacher-student ratio of one teacher for every 27 pupils, according to UNESCO figures. The NESP also notes that drop-out rates remain high during the transition from primary to middle school and from there to high school. Coming in second is Japan. More troubling still, entrenched poverty represents another great barrier when it comes to accessing even primary and secondary schools. The quality of school teachers may be excellent, however aging materials sadly let them down. Following an optional pre-school period, children enter primary school for 5 compulsory years. Secondary Education. The vast majority of children in Myanmar attend government-run schools, beginning formal classes each June once they have reached five years of age. Myanmar’s parliamentarians have visited UK institutions to get an understanding of the British systems, while geoscientists from Oxford and Heriot-Watt’s Institute of Petroleum Engineering have visited Myanmar. This survey used a compilation of scores from three equally-weighted attributes: a well-developed public education system, would consider attending university there, and provides top-quality education. According to Ministry of Education (MoE) figures, in the 2015/16 school year Myanmar had 45,387 schools catering to 8.85m children. As well as government schools, children can attend schools operated by and for religious or ethnic groups. Local curricula will also be developed to support the languages, culture and tradition of all the country’s ethnic groups. The venture has set aside $100m for the school, which will be disbursed in stages by Yoma. 2020 World Best Education Systems – 2nd Quarter Rankings. Economic growth has averaged 5 percent in recent years with a per capita income of USD$702. Education is a child's right and a key to national growth and prosperity. According to Ministry of Education (MoE) figures, in the 2015/16 school year Myanmar had 45,387 schools catering to 8.85m children. Thailand’s English proficiency ranking among non-native English speaking countries has dropped for the third consecutive year to 74 th out of a total of 100 countries.. Student unions were also banned. The UK has scooped the first spot in The 2019 Best Countries for Education, maintaining its rank from last year, according to a study by US News & World Report. The student population in the arts and science, distant education universities, technology and computer universities and education colleges increased to 174,910, according to the report. ranking World Rank University Det. Developed countries worldwide have well-developed educational systems and opportunities for higher education, which helps the citizens of that country obtain higher-paying jobs and a better quality of life. The MEC found that 72% of monastic schools’ income came from individual donations. 22 December 2020. 1Basic Education System 1.1 The current basic education system in Myanmar comprises six years of primary (Grade 1 to Grade 6), three years of lower secondary (Grade 7 to Grade 9) and two years of upper secondary (Grade 10 and Grade 11) education. Beyond the state system, monasteries remain a major provider of free education, private schools are an option for the wealthier, and a network of more than 1,000 “affiliated schools” are linked to nearby state schools but funded by communities. Some 3.5m adults over the age of 15 are thought to be illiterate. Other nations that were ranked highly in education based on this data include: Another measurement of the most educated countries is through the U.S. News & World Report's Best Countries for Education list. The changes will require modernisation of the Department of Myanmar Examinations at the MoE, as well as the development of IT systems and monitoring mechanisms to set up the exams and track results. A different list, the World Economic Forum's Global Competitive study, ranks Finland as having the most well-developed education in the world. Three additional Asian nations were among the top 10 in 2019: South Korea (second place), Japan (third), and Thailand (sixth). According to the EF English Proficiency Index 2019, prepared by Swiss-based Education First, Thailand scored 47.62, which is … During primary school, which is meant to be compulsory, the curriculum emphasises the basics, such as maths, science and English. Fundamentals. The changes made by the new government have put a greater emphasis on improving the quality of compulsory primary education, addressing the problem of out-of-school children, and developing TVET as an alternative to a more academic education, CESR’s U Win Aung told OBG. Of these, some 63%, or 28,519 facilities, were primary schools (with 5.18m students) and 14%, or 6224 institutions, were lower secondary schools (enrolling 2.8m students). The vast majority of children in Myanmar attend government-run schools, beginning formal classes each June once they have reached five years of age. Countries With the Best Education System ranking is an annual perception-based global … EdStats (Education Statistics) provides data and analysis on a wide range of education topics such as access, quality, learning outcomes, teachers, education expenditures, and education equality. As education plays a very crucial role in the development of our nation, a long-term plan to invest in and ensure the sector stays relevant … If you have already purchased this Report or have a website subscription, please login to continue. However, some obstacles remain. “Except Myanmar, nearly all other ASEAN countries have made changes to this KG +12 System,” he added. The NJ MED’s 2nd Quarter Ranking of the World Top 20 Education System for 2019. Education levels vary between countries around the world. The vast majority of children in Myanmar attend government-run schools, beginning formal classes each June once they have reached five years of age. Education Expenditures Just 11% of Myanmar’s young people received any kind of higher education in 2013. Find our research on the Bloomberg Terminal, Dow Jones Factiva, Eikon, S&P Capital IQ, LexisNexis and more. 2.1- Myanmar’s HDI value and rank Myanmar’s HDI value for 2019 is 0.583— which put the country in the medium human development category—positioning it at 147 out of 189 countries and territories. There is no definitive list of countries that offer the best and worst education. The answers were reviewed and each exam received a score, which was later taken into account when finding the average score for each of the three subject matters. New Year’s Babies: Over 2,688 children will be born in Myanmar on New Year’s Day - UNICEF Visit the page . A 2013 IIE report found learning materials, and the courses themselves, were outdated and the training received by the lecturers of doubtful quality. More money is being channelled into the sector as officials seek to build a 21st century education system to help push Myanmar into the ranks of the upper-middle-income nations by 2030. The SAT and ACT are both standardized tests used for college admissions. Higher education is also a significant part of the civilian government’s educational reforms – a far cry from their military predecessors who sought to undermine higher education by closing institutions and dispersing management across 13 different ministries, including agriculture and transport. This data was used to determine which countries were the most educated. The status of women in Myanmar is evolving against a backdrop of stark exclusion from public life. Presence Rank* Impact Rank* Openness Rank* Excellence Rank* 1: 7116: University of Yangon: 3866: 13146: 5819: 5096: 2: 9722: University of Mandalay In this ranking, Myanmar’s healthcare system was listed as the worst overall. Department of Higher Education of the Ministry of Education, Myanmar is one of the 900 Higher Education-related Organizations and Associations included in the uniRank.org directory. World’s Best Education System and their Power Ranking Score. The UK also ranks #5 in the 2019 Best Countries Rankings, down one spot from last … Officials acknowledge the difficulties of implementing such an ambitious plan, which will take many years to have a real impact on the country’s children. If we compare the development with yesteryears, people can gather immense changes and betterment. Academics from 10 US institutions visited in 2013 under the Institute of International Education’s (IIE) International Partnership Programme. When the World Health Organization (WHO) last ranked Myanmar’s system against its global counterparts, the country was pegged dead last out … At independence, Myanmar had the highest literacy rate in … Burma(Myanmar) ranks second among the countries with the lowest education expenditures as part of GDP, with an educational budget of 0.8% of GDP. Progress and Completion in Education. Register now and also receive a complimentary 2-month licence to the OBG Research Terminal. ranking World Rank University Det. The MoE has said content will be reduced to a “manageable level” so that students have the time to understand concepts and complete courses within the academic year. The population growth rate is slowly decreasing, resulting in population growth to cease around 2054 and the population to start shrinking thereafter. The fee schedule within the private sector reflects the nature of the teaching staff. Many families need children to earn an income, and often parents cannot afford the cost of books, uniforms and other school-related fees. Steps will also be taken to improve not only access to education, but also creating the conditions that will keep children in school. The growth in private schools, as in many other parts of the economy, has created competition for staff, pushing up salaries. Under the NEL and NESP, the MoE has also promised to decentralise decision making, empower head teachers, school managers and parent-teacher associations, as well as improve accountability across the system between township education officers and schools, and vice versa. 5. Most findings and ranking regarding education worldwide involve adult literacy rates and levels of education completed; however, some studies look at current students and their abilities in different subjects. Global Economic Prospects examines trends for the world economy and how they affect developing countries. The SAT is scored on a scale of 400-1600, combining the scores of two sections (math and critical reading and writing), which are scored on a scale from 200 to 800. Compare Myanmar. Burma (Myanmar) ranks second among the countries with the lowest education expenditures as part of GDP, with an educational budget of 0.8% of GDP. Education System . Since 2012 the British Council has been working with the MoE on teacher training, particularly for English-language instruction, providing expatriate teachers, trainers and teaching materials. Officials want to raise standards by creating primary school experts – teachers who have performed well or gained significant experience – to work in that segment. Climate Change . Dr Myint Htwe, Union Minister, Ministry of Health and Sports, on responding to the challenges of a fast-changing sector: Viewpoint, U Myo Thein Gyi, Minister of Education, on improving access to education: Interview, Myanmar's government makes health care investment key policy, New focus on TVET helps fill gaps in Myanmar's labour market, Previous article from this chapter and report, Next article from this chapter and report. Falling right in behind Japan is Israel, with 49.9% of adults having finished a higher education program. Myanmar is the 131 most competitive nation in the world out of 140 countries ranked in the 2018 edition of the Global Competitiveness Report published by the World Economic Forum. Top 100 in the World; Top 100 in Africa; Top 100 in Asia; Top 100 in Europe; Top 100 in Latin America; Top 100 in North America; Top 50 in Oceania; News & Insights; Subscribe to Pro The MoE has also proposed changes to salaries and promotion mechanisms to encourage experienced teachers to remain at primary schools. Myanmar’s education reform began in 2011 when the country’s government system changed from a military government to a democracy. Our Goals 2019-2021. Myanmar has made strong progress in increasing children’s access to education and improving the quality of education, yet many children remain out of school, and schools struggle to give young people the strongest start in life. Spending on education has been rising steadily since the military began to loosen its grip on power, supported by a sharp increase in support from foreign donors. Countries with well-developed education systems also have some of the best high schools in the world, which prepare students for college or university. Myanmar is still a grade three level of concern to the WHO, meaning multiple major events have affected public health in Myanmar. View selected causes of death and population dynamics for Myanmar including Life Expectancy by age and history, age adjusted death rates and world rankings for the top 50 causes and total deaths by cause. When the World Health Organization (WHO) last ranked Myanmar’s system against its global counterparts, the country was pegged dead last out of 190 countries with … The new government is open for business and has a better idea of what university autonomy is.”. Myanmar. 12 January 2021. Statement. STRATEGIC GOAL 4: ALL CHILDREN IN MYANMAR CAN ACCESS, LEARN AND THRIVE IN QUALITY LEARNING ENVIRONMENTS FOR ECCD AND BASIC EDUCATION FOCUSING ON: The most marginalized children from remote, rural areas, especially girls, children with disabilities and from the poorest households, conflict-affected and displaced children and those from minority ethnic groups. Many of the provisions of the NESP were enshrined in the National Education Law (NEL) 2014 and the NEL Amendment 2015. In general, people in underdeveloped and undeveloped countries do not have access to quality education or education at all. Even Singapore, which regularly tops international education rankings, is seeking to move away from high-stakes examinations and to nurture more-well-rounded students. Discussions about the education system in Myanmar often tend to be dominated by the curriculum. The NLD committed to addressing the problem in its manifesto and aims to partner with NGOs to deliver alternative education at all levels, from primary to tertiary and adult learning. High school students entering at grade 9 may choose either an arts or science stream. The government’s recognition that education is a crucial part of its long-term goal of creating a more prosperous and inclusive nation is only one component of a multifaceted effort. To General Information . Based on this study, China received the highest score of 1731 and the highest score in all three sections. The Myanmar Education Consortium (MEC) was established in 2013 to support the provision of education services for marginalised, underserved children. As it sets about rebuilding the system, the NLD government plans to bring higher education back under the MoE, while also offering more clarity on the obligations and responsibilities that autonomy entails for tertiary institutions. 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