©2021 Reverso-Softissimo. These examples may contain rude words based on your search. nuthatch. [20][21] In 1572 some 3000 Huguenots were slaughtered in Paris in the St. Bartholomew's Day massacre. [42] In 1992, they aided the ‘Loire Nature’ project, which received funds of some $US 9 million under the EU's ‘LIFE’ programme until 1999, embarking upon restoration to the river's ecosystems and wildlife. [15] Her successful relief of the siege of Orléans, on the Loire, was the turning point of the war. However, the hazardous free-flow navigation and limited tonnages meant that railways rapidly killed off the surviving traffic from the 1850s. French-English online dictionary (Dictionnaire Anglais-Français) developed to help you share your knowledge with others. While the majority of production is white wine from the Chenin blanc, Sauvignon blanc and Melon de Bourgogne grapes, there are red wines made (especially around the Chinon region) from Cabernet franc. Noun. [4] With a length of 1,006 kilometres (625 mi),[2] it drains 117,054 km2 (45,195 sq mi), more than a fifth of France's land[1] while its average discharge is only half that of the Rhône. The coastal zone shows hard dark stones, granite, schist and thick soil mantle.[30]. During the Hundred Years' War from 1337 to 1453, the Loire marked the border between the French and the English, who occupied territory to the north. They used the Loire as a key trading route by 600 BC, using pack horses to link its trade, such as the metals of the Armorican Massif, with Phoenicia and Ancient Greece via Lyon on the Rhône. [42] The French government adopted the Natural Loire River Plan (Plan Loire Grandeur Nature) in January 1994, initiating the decommissioning of three dams on the river. Question: 1 - Score: 0 / 5. waive or wave? Their presence in the lush, fertile valley began attracting the very best landscape designers. [1], The Loire has been described as "constantly under threat of losing its status as the last wild river in France". At its end, the Loir flows into the Sarthe river at the place called Bec du Loir ("beak of the Cher") in Briollay, Maine-et-Loire department, at 16 metres (52 feet) of altitude. The Loire gives its name to six departments: Loire, Haute-Loire, Loire-Atlantique, Indre-et-Loire, Maine-et-Loire, and Saône-et-Loire. owl. loir translation in French - English Reverso dictionary, see also 'Loire',Loire',lotir',loi', examples, definition, conjugation In this section the river is relatively straight, except for the area near Orléans, and numerous sand banks and islands exist. The tributaries host brown trout (Salmo trutta), European bullhead (Cottus gobio), European brook lamprey (Lampetra planeri), zander (Sander lucioperca), nase (Chondrostoma nasus and C. toxostoma) and wels catfish (Siluris glanis). [42] In 1990, Loire Vivante met with the French Prime Minister and the government, successfully, as the government demanded that the EPALA embark upon major reforms in its approach to managing the river. [1], The geological formations in the Loire river basin can be grouped into two sets of formations, namely, the basement domain and the domain of sedimentary formations. mallard. The three streams converge to form the Loire, which descends the valley south of Mount through the village of Sainte-Eulalie itself. There are two generic designation that can be used across the whole of the Loire Valley. Eure-et-Loir; Loir-et-Cher; Source. Today, these privately owned châteaux serve as homes, a few open their doors to tourist visits, while others are operated as hotels or bed and breakfasts. Human translations with examples: loire, nantes, vilnius, tanzanie, toulouse, st nazaire, ujung pandang, loireatlantique. Over 100,000 English translations of Spanish words and phrases. With its French Renaissance architecture, this unfinished chateau (building ceased in 1547), is the largest in the Loire Valley. [1][4] Downstream of Nevers lies the Loire Valley, a UNESCO World Heritage Site due to its fine assortment of castles. The Loire (/lwɑːr/, also US: /luˈɑːr/; French: [lwaʁ] (listen); Occitan: Léger; Breton: Liger) is the longest river in France and the 171st longest in the world. Look it up now! To ensure the quality of comments, you need to be connected. [40] The reason for this is its sheer length and possibility of extensive navigation, which severely limits the scope of river conservation. [1] The lower course of the river is characterized by wetlands and fens, which are of major importance to conservation, given that they form unique habitats for migratory birds.[1]. The climate is considered the most pleasant of northern France, with warmer winters and, more generally, fewer extremes in temperatures, rarely exceeding 38 °C (100 °F). As a result, the Loire is a very popular river for boating excursions, flowing through a pastoral countryside, past limestone cliffs and historic castles. [1] In the middle section of the river in the Loire Valley, numerous dikes built between the 12th and 19th century exist, providing mitigation against flooding. Traductions en contexte de "Loire" en français-anglais avec Reverso Context : de la loire, val de loire, vallée de la loire, haute-loire, loire atlantique In February 2018, after few months of maintenance, the Grand Éléphant became more silent than ever, with a new hybrid motor. La source de la Loire, by Gustave Courbet. As a result, the salmon population increased to about 500 in 2005. Links to this dictionary or to single translations are very welcome! Nantes mechanical elephant : discover the elephant in Nantes in Les Machines de l'île. [1], Although only one native fish species has become extinct in the Loire, namely the European sea sturgeon (Acipenser sturio) in the 1940s, the fish population is declining, mostly due to the decrease in the spawning areas. [34] A dam across the Loire at Saint-Léger-des-Vignes provides navigable conditions to cross from the Canal du Nivernais to the Canal latéral à la Loire. Loire Region in English translation and definition "Loire Region", Dictionary English-English online. Mit Flexionstabellen der verschiedenen Fälle und Zeiten Aussprache und relevante Diskussionen Kostenloser Vokabeltrainer In 1477, the first printing press in France was established in Angers, and around this time the Chateau de Langeais and Chateau de Montsoreau were built. [42] This sparked public demonstrations by the WWF and conservation groups. Human translations with examples: loire, st nazaire, loire region, loirebretagne, paysdelaloire, loirebretagne. [40] The Federation, a member of the IUCN since 1970, has been very important in the campaign to save the Loire river system from development. You can complete the translation of loir given by the French-English Collins dictionary with other dictionaries such as: Wikipedia, Lexilogos, Larousse dictionary, Le Robert, Oxford, Grévisse, French-English dictionary : translate French words into English with online dictionaries. Suggestions: comme un loir. The Romans successfully subdued the Gauls in 52 BC and began developing Cenabum, which they named Aurelianis. Loire River, longest river in France, rising in the southern Massif Central and flowing north and west for 634 miles (1,020 km) to the Atlantic Ocean, which it enters south of the Bretagne (Brittany) peninsula. The Vin de Pays du Jardin de la France refers to any varietally labelled wine, such as Chardonnay, that is produced in the region outside of an AOC designation. The endangered species include grayling (Thymallus thymallus), burbot (Lota lota) and bitterling (Rhodeus sericeus) and the non-native species are represented by the rock bass (Ambloplites rupestris). The basement domain primarily consists of metamorphic and siliceous fragmented rocks with groundwater occurring in fissures. In his work History of the Franks, Bishop Gregory of Tours wrote of the frequent plundering by the Bretons of the area's wine stocks. Many of them are migratory, with 11 species ascending the river for spawning. During the harvest months rain can cause the grapes to be harvested under ripe but can also aid in the development of Botrytis cinerea for the region's dessert wines. They are then joined by multicellular forms including Fragilaria crotonensis, Nitzschia fruticosa and Skeletonema potamos, as well as green algae which form star-shaped or prostrate colonies. Unlike most other rivers in western Europe, there are very few dams or locks creating obstacles to its natural flow. Loire definition, a river in France, flowing NW and W into the Atlantic: the longest river in France. Its main tributaries include the rivers Nièvre, Maine and the Erdre on its right bank, and the rivers Allier, Cher, Indre, Vienne, and the Sèvre Nantaise on the left bank. The dormouse uses sticky secretions of plantar glands when they are climbing on smooth surfaces to prevent them from falling. In 2002, the WWF aided a second Loire Nature project and expanded its scope to the entire basin, addressing some 4,500 hectares (11,000 acres) of land under a budget of US$18 million, mainly funded by government and public bodies, such as the Établissement Publique Loire (EPL), a public institution which had formerly advocated large-scale dam projects on the river.[42]. The name "Loire" comes from Latin Liger,[8] which is itself a transcription of the native Gaulish (Celtic) name of the river. [49], The Loire Valley is often divided into three sections. The Loire flows roughly northward through Roanne and Nevers to Orléans and thereafter westward through Tours to Nantes, where it forms an estuary. It flows into the Atlantic Ocean at 47°16′44″N 2°10′19″W / 47.27889°N 2.17194°W / 47.27889; -2.17194 between Saint-Nazaire and Saint-Brevin-les-Pins, connected by a bridge over the river near its mouth. Vertalingen in context van "loir" in Frans-Nederlands van Reverso Context: Vous allez dormir comme un loir. [26][27] The 261 km (162 mi) Canal de Berry, a narrow canal with locks only 2.7 m (8.9 ft) wide, which was opened in the 1820s and connected the Canal latéral à la Loire at Marseilles-lès-Aubigny to the river Cher at Noyers and back into the Loire near Tours, was closed in 1955. List of Animal Names in English . The European eel (Anguilla anguilla) is common in the upper streams, whereas the flounder (Platichtys flesus) and flathead mullet (Mugil spp.) Many translated example sentences containing "loir" – English-French dictionary and search engine for English translations. [32] The most serious floods occurred in 1856, 1866 and 1911. Loins definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. [4][29] This lies in the north-eastern part of the southern Cévennes highlands, in the Ardèche commune of Sainte-Eulalie of southeastern France. However, the exterior defensive structures, in the form of portcullis and moats surrounding the thick walls of the châteaux' forts were retained. loir translate: dormouse. [1], Nearly every freshwater fish species of France can be found in the Loire river basin, that is, about 57 species from 20 families. How to use lore in a sentence. [1], Most amphibians of the Loire are found in the slow flow areas near the delta, especially in the floodplain, marshes and oxbows. In 1429, Joan of Arc persuaded Charles VII to drive out the English from the country. This style was perpetuated during the reign of Louis XVI (1774–92) but with more refinements; one such refined château seen close to Angers is the Château de Montgeoffroy. Dairy farming is particularly important along the région’s western fringes in Mayenne and Loire-Atlantique. English “Rendez-vous du Val de Loire” – special edition for 2010, celebrating 10 years on the UNESCO list 3 - 4 December 2010. more_vert open_in_new Link to source The capital is Lyon. The Middle Loire is dominated by more Chenin blanc and Cabernet franc wines found in the regions around Touraine, Saumur, Chinon and Vouvray. [43] The Loire is unique in this respect as the Atlantic salmon can swim as far as 900 km (560 mi) up the river and spawn in the upper reaches of the Allier. The region experiences a rainfall of 690 mm (27.2 in) along the coast and 648 mm (25.5 in) inland. Contextual translation of "loire" into English. Tiernamen auf Englisch (the Animals) Wortsammlung mit den wichtigsten Tieren auf Englisch und Deutsch. Disclaimer. [1] Then came the Gauls, the local tribes during the Iron Age period of 1500 to 500 BC. Liga comes from the Proto-Indo-European root *legʰ-, meaning "to lie, lay" as in the Welsh word Lleyg, and also which gave many words in English, such as to lie, to lay, ledge, law, etc. The department was divided in two departments in 1793: Rhône and Loire. The ZooParc de Beauval (French pronunciation: [zopaʁk də boval]), more commonly called Beauval zoo or, more simply, Beauval, is a French zoological park located in Saint-Aignan, in the Loir-et-Cher department, in the Centre-Val de Loire region. [52] Spread out across the Loire Valley are 87 appellation under the AOC, VDQS and Vin de Pays systems. Its major tributary is the Allier, which joins the Loire at Le Bec d’Allier. With more vines competing for the same limited resources in the soil, the density is designed to compensate for the excessive yields that some of the grape varieties, like Chenin blanc, are prone to have. dict.cc English-French Dictionary: Translation for loir. Other translations. dict.cc English-German Dictionary: Translation for Loire. waive. [1] It is also known as the Garden of France – due to the abundance of vineyards, fruit orchards, artichoke, asparagus and cherry fields which line the banks of the river[44] – and also as the "cradle of the French language". [53] Among these different wine styles, Loire wines tend to exhibit characteristic fruitiness with fresh, crisp flavours-especially in their youth.[51]. [5] They were originally created as feudal strongholds, over centuries past, in the strategic divide between southern and northern France; now many are privately owned.[7]. The Crémant de Loire which refers to any sparkling wine made according to the traditional method of Champagne. [16][19] During the Wars of Religion from 1562 to 1598, Orléans served as a prominent stronghold for the Huguenots but in 1568, Protestants blew up Orléans Cathedral. The major commercial port at Nantes has caused severe damage to the ecosystem of the Loire estuary. This avifauna has been rather stable, at least between the 1980s and 2000s, with significant abundance variations observed only for 17 species. Even the names of the gardens are whimsical: Petit Poucet, Princess Rapunzel, Alice in Wonderland's labyrinth, and the vegetable garden of Gargantua, planted with giant vegetables. Loire definition, a river in France, flowing NW and W into the Atlantic: the longest river in France. After considerable conflict in the region, in 898 Foulques le Roux of Anjou gained power.[14]. With Crémant production throughout the Loire valley, it is the second largest sparkling wine producer in France after Champagne. Its prefecture is the city of Saint-Étienne History. It is identified as temperate maritime climate, and is characterised by the lack of dry seasons and by heavy rains and snowfall in winter, especially in the upper streams. Pays de la Loire, waterways guide No. Following this there was ongoing conflict between the Franks and the Visigoths. The sedimentary domain consists of limestone and carbonaceous rocks, that, where saturated, form productive aquifers. EurLex-2. These examples may contain colloquial words based on your search. English Translation of “Loire” | The official Collins French-English Dictionary online. [7] The Phoenicians and Greeks had used pack horses to transport goods from Lyon to the Loire to get from the Mediterranean basin to the Atlantic coast. Lernen Sie die Übersetzung für 'animal lore' in LEOs Englisch ⇔ Deutsch Wörterbuch. In between are the regions of Anjou, Saumur, Bourgueil, Chinon, and Vouvray. For other uses, see, The Loire Valley between Sully-sur-Loire and Chalonnes, Château féodal de Saint-Maurice-sur-Loire, Château de Montsoreau-Museum of Contemporary Art, "Fiche cours d'eau - la Loire (----0000)", Navigation details for 80 French rivers and canals, Waterways In Western Loire – Free Online Travel Brochure, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Loire&oldid=998812770, Articles containing Occitan (post 1500)-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2011, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2017, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Was defeated by England. [43] The basis of the decision was that the economic benefits of the dams did not outweigh their significant ecological impacts, so the intention was to restore the riverine ecosystems and replenish great Loire salmon stocks. Animal husbandry dominates agriculture, and the région is a leading producer of milk, beef, pork, and poultry. In this period, settlers established vineyards and began producing wines. In choosing this area that includes the French départements of Loiret, Loir-et-Cher, Indre-et-Loire, and Maine-et-Loire, the committee said that the Loire Valley is: The second-longest tributary, the 372 km (231 mi) Vienne, joins the Loire at Candes-Saint-Martin at 47°12′45″N 0°4′31″E / 47.21250°N 0.07528°E / 47.21250; 0.07528, followed by the 367.5 km (228.4 mi) Cher, which joins the Loire near Cinq-Mars-la-Pile at 47°20′33″N 0°28′49″E / 47.34250°N 0.48028°E / 47.34250; 0.48028 and the 287 km (178 mi) Indre, which joins the Loire near Néman at 47°14′2″N 0°11′0″E / 47.23389°N 0.18333°E / 47.23389; 0.18333. These works, with groynes and submersible embankments, survive and contribute to the limited navigability under present-day conditions. The river has a discharge rate of 863 m3/s (30,500 cu ft/s), which is an average over the period 1967–2008. … A nocturnal species, it is not an animal that has much contact with humans. The frogs are represented by the Parsley frog (Pelodites punctatus), European tree frog (Hyla arborea), Common Frog (Rana temporaria), Agile Frog (R. dalmatina), Edible Frog (R. esculenta), Perez's Frog (R. perezi), marsh frog (R. ridubunda) and Pool Frog (R. lessonae). read or reed? Loire-Atlantique; All ENGLISH words that begin with 'L' Related terms of loir. Sitting on about 13,500 acres, it was primarily used as a short-stay hunting lodge. [50], The Loire river has a significant effect on the mesoclimate of the region, adding the necessary extra few degrees of temperature that allows grapes to grow when the areas to the north and south of the Loire Valley have shown to be unfavourable to viticulture. tend to stay near the river mouth. Loire (Occitan: Léger) is a French department in the east-central part of France in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region and named after the Loire river. When the French kings began constructing their huge châteaux here, the nobility, not wanting or even daring to be far from the seat of power, followed suit. Le Grand Elephant in Nantes in France can embark 50 passengers on an amazing journey. Some Sancerre vineyards have as many as 10,000 plants per hectare. [16] During the reign of François I from 1515 to 1547, the Italian Renaissance had a profound influence upon the region, as people adopted its elements in the architecture and culture, particularly among the elite who expressed its principles in their chateaus. It is bounded by the regions of Centre, Bourgogne-Franche-Comte, Nouvelle-Aquitaine, Occitanie, and Provence–Alpes–Cote d’Azur and by Italy and Switzerland. Portrait of the Loire, by Jean-Max Albert, 1988. Contextual translation of "loire" into English. With decreasing flow, first species which appear are single-celled diatoms such as Cyclostephanos invisitatus, C. meneghiniana, S. Hantzschii and Thalassiosira pseudonana. Newts of the Loire include the Marbled Newt (Triturus marmoratus), Smooth Newt (T. vulgaris), Alpine Newt (T. alpestris) and Palmate Newt (T. Translation for 'loir' in the free French-English dictionary and many other English translations. [45], The Baroque style artists who created some of the exquisite château structures were: the Parisian, François Mansart (1598–1662) whose classical symmetrical design is seen in the Château de Blois; Jacques Bougier (1635) of Blois whose classical design is the Château de Cheverny; Guillaume Bautru remodelled the Château de Serrant (at the extreme western end of the valley). Garrett, Martin, The Loire: a Cultural History. Their total mass is low when the river flow exceeds 800 m3/s (28,000 cu ft/s) and become significant at flows of 300 m3/s (11,000 cu ft/s) or lower which occur in summer. Heterotrophic bacteria are represented by cocci (49%), rods (35%), colonies (12%) and filaments (4%) with a total density of up to 1.4×1010 cells per litre. Several départements of France were named after the Loire. In 1894 a company was set up to promote improvements to the navigation from Nantes to Briare. The Loire Valley (French: Vallée de la Loire) lies in the middle stretch of the river, extends for about 280 km (170 mi) and comprises an area of roughly 800 km2 (310 sq mi). jay. [42], The WWF were particularly important in changing the perception of the French authorities in support for dam building to environmental protection and sustainable management of its river basin. By the 11th century the wines of Sancerre had a reputation across Europe for their high quality. Human translations with examples: loire, st nazaire, val de loire, paysdelaloire, loirebretagne, pouillysurloire. River traffic increased gradually, with a toll system being used in medieval times. [22] During the 17th century, Jean-Baptiste Colbert instituted the use of stone retaining walls and quays from Roanne to Nantes, which helped make the river more reliable,[23] but navigation was still frequently stopped by excessive conditions during flood and drought. dormouse. Some notable Châteaux on the Loire include Beaufort- Mareuil sur Cher – Lavoûte-Polignac – Bouthéon – Montrond – Bastie d'Urfé – Château féodal des Cornes d'Urfé – La Roche – Château féodal de Saint-Maurice-sur-Loire – Saint-Pierre-la-Noaille – Chevenon – Palais ducal de Nevers – Saint-Brisson – Gien – La Bussière – Pontchevron – La Verrerie (near Aubigny-sur-Nère) – Sully-sur-Loire – Châteauneuf-sur-Loire – Boisgibault – Meung-sur-Loire – Menars – Talcy – Château de la Ferté – Chambord – Blois – Villesavin – Cheverny – Beauregard – Troussay – Château de Chaumont – Amboise – Clos-Lucé – Langeais – Gizeux – Les Réaux – Montsoreau – Montreuil-Bellay – Saint-Loup-sur-Thouet – Saumur – Boumois – Brissac – Montgeoffroy – Plessis-Bourré – Château des Réaux. The Upper Loire includes the Sauvignon blanc dominated areas of Sancerre and Pouilly-Fumé. On about 13,500 acres, it served as one of the Mediterranean gull in.! 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Briare came to nothing the west coast of France were named after the Loire at,. Collins French-English dictionary online subspecies of Atlantic salmon, a subspecies of Atlantic salmon, a free online with! As Bouchemaine, [ 28 ] where the Maine joins it near Angers are two generic designation that be! Care of dogs with anxiety and behavior problems at a cost of 7 francs... Wineries of the Roman Empire declined and the phytoplankton is dominated by diatoms,. 690 mm ( 27.2 in ) inland the region, in particular enjoys! Vegetation in the 1840s, caused a decline in trade on the river spawning. Mi ) downriver from Orléans to Nantes took eight days, with a toll being! Vocabulary trainer, verb tables and pronunciation function, maine-et-loire, and other were. Der Loire river throughout this section and are a major tourist attraction, fertile Valley began the! Chemnitz and Mr Honey 's Business dictionary ( Dictionnaire Anglais-Français ) developed to help share!