[70] Gordon's parents expected him to marry and were disappointed in his lifelong bachelorhood. Therefore, Gordon had to be raised in England, Scotland, Ireland and the Io… [3] He was educated at Fullands School in Taunton, Taunton School, and the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich. Laurence Olivier played Muhammad Ahmad. Major-General Charles George Gordon CB (28 January 1833 – 26 January 1885), also known as Chinese Gordon, Gordon Pasha, and Gordon of Khartoum, was a British Army officer and administrator. . Genealogy for Charles Gordon Maynard (1885 - d.) family tree on Geni, with over 200 million profiles of ancestors and living relatives. He remained in Mauritius until March 1882. [8] He was commissioned a second lieutenant in the Royal Engineers on 23 June 1852,[9] completing his training at Chatham, and he was promoted to full lieutenant on 17 February 1854. In September 1883, an Egyptian Army force under Colonel William Hicksset out to destroy the Mahdi. On 2 September 1877, Gordon clad in the full gold-braided ceremonial blue uniform of the Governor-General of the Sudan and wearing the tarboush (the type of fez reserved for a pasha), accompanied by an interpreter and a few bashi-bazouks, rode unannounced into the enemy camp to discuss the situation. Siege of Khartoum (March 13, 1884–January 26, 1885), military blockade of the capital of the Sudan by the Mahdists. Powers was delighted that the charismatic Gordon had no anti-Catholic prejudices and treated him as an equal. [213] The orders were not obeyed. The American historian John Semple Galbraith described Gordon as suffering from "utter boredom" during his time in Mauritius. In both cases naval power was the key factor as gunboats in the Red Sea and the Nile provided a degree of firepower with which the Ansar could not cope. [115], Gordon carried no weapons except for his rattan cane (though the bashi-bazouks were armed with rifles and swords), but Gordon showed utterly no fear while his interpreter and the bashi-bazouks were visibly nervous as the rebels numbered about 3,000. The Lord Mayor of London opened a public subscription to raise funds for a permanent memorial to Gordon; this eventually materialised as the Gordon Boys Home, now Gordon's School, in West End, Woking. In this context, Gordon is vilified in China today as just another foreigner oppressing the Chinese people by crushing the Taiping rebellion. 0 2. [40], During his time in China, Gordon was well known and respected by friend and foe alike for leading from the front and going into combat armed only with his rattan cane (Gordon always refused to carry a gun or a sword), a choice of weapon that almost cost him his life several times. [189] In his last weeks, those who knew Gordon described him as a chain-smoking, rage-filled, desperate man wearing a shabby uniform who spent hours talking to a mouse that he shared his office with when he was not attacking his Sudanese servants with his rattan cane during one of his rages. "[126] Gordon was an ardent Christian cosmologist, who also believed that the Garden of Eden was on the island of Praslin in the Seychelles. [110], As governor, Gordon faced a variety of challenges. [177], Urban wrote that Gordon's "most stupid mistake" occurred when he revealed his secret orders at a meeting of tribal leaders on 12 February at Berber, explaining that the Egyptians were pulling out, leading to almost all of the Arab tribes of northern Sudan declaring their loyalty to the Mahdi. Goodbye, C. G. After Baker's release from prison, Isma'il hired him to work in the Sudan. "[11], As an officer, Gordon showed strong charisma and leadership, but his superiors distrusted him on account of his tendency to disobey orders if he felt them to be wrong or unjust. [248] Even more devastatingly, Strachey depicted Gordon as a monumental hypocrite, noting the contrast between Gordon's lofty Christian ideas of love, compassion, charity, grace and hope vs. a career full of hate, war, carnage, death and destruction. [176] Travelling through Korosko and Berber, he arrived at Khartoum on 18 February, where he offered his earlier foe, the slaver-king Rahama Zobeir, release from prison in exchange for leading troops against Ahmed. [194] On 5 August 1884, the House of Commons voted to send the relief force with a budget of £300,000. [100] A major problem for Gordon was malaria, which decimated his men, and led him to issue the following order: "Never let the mosquito curtain out of your sight, it is more valuable than your revolver". One begins to wonder whether the man had any faults at all". It wasn't exactly fair to the Egyptian garrisons he had been sent to evacuate; they had no death wish". Gladstone told the Cabinet that the public cared much about Gordon and nothing about the Sudan, so he ordered Wolseley home after learning of Gordon's death. This essay has been written in order to stimulate discussion about what has been described as General Charles Gordon's homosexual traits. [99], Gordon had succeeded in establishing a line of way stations from the Sobat confluence on the White Nile to the frontier of Uganda, where he proposed to open a route from Mombasa. [80] Popular legend has it that Gordon and Gessi broke into the pasha's palace at night to rescue the girl, but the truth is less dramatic. When did Charles Gordon O'Neill die? [21], Following the peace, he was attached to an international commission to mark the new border between the Russian Empire and the Ottoman Empire in Bessarabia. [169], In 1880, the Liberals had won the general election on a platform of imperial retrenchment, and Gladstone had put his principles into practice by withdrawing from the Transvaal and Afghanistan in 1881. He scorned money and luxury, had no time for hierarchy, was insubordinate to the end, valued the soul and despised the body, and developed a profound mystical Christianity and a desire to be martyred. People Projects Discussions Surnames Around the base is an inscription referring to Gordon as a soldier, philanthropist and administrator and mentions those parts of the world in which he served, closing with a quotation from his last letter to his sisters: "I am quite happy, thank God! In December 1883, the British government ordered Egypt to abandon the Sudan, but that was difficult to carry out, as it involved the withdrawal of thousands of Egyptian soldiers, civilian employees, and their families.[163]. 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