The questions contain minimal human commentary, but instead urge students to study to understand Scripture. Ecclesiastes 4 – Bittersweet Accomplishments A. The book contains philosophical speeches by a character called '(the) Qoheleth' (="the Teacher"), composed probably between 5th to 2nd century BCE. The author of Ecclesiastes calls himself the ‘king in the city called Jerusalem’ (Ecclesiastes 1:1). (1-3) troubles from envy. 1. returned--namely, to the thought set forth ( Ecclesiastes 3:16, Job 35:9). troubles from envy. (Verse 7,8.) Ecclesiastes 4 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary is one of the most respected interdenominational commentaries ever written. the changes of royalty. He was famous because he spoke wise words (Ecclesiastes 12:9). The Vanity of Self-Indulgence. Moderate pains and gains do best. 10 For if they fall, one will lift up his fellow. Verses 4-6 Solomon notices the sources of trouble peculiar to well-doers, and includes all who labour with diligence, and whose efforts are crowned with success. Commentary on Ecclesiastes 4: 4-6. (4) Compare Ecclesiastes 7:20, Ecclesiastes 7:29 and Ecclesiastes 12:14. 23:21-23 and Judges 11:35). Ecclesiastes 4:9. Miseries from oppression. Better a poor and wise youth (Verse 9-12.) Commentary on Ecclesiastes 4: 4-6 Solomon realizes the sources of problems of those who do good, and includes all those who work diligently and whose efforts are crowned with success. (Verse 7,8.) Therefore I praised the dead who were already dead, More than the living who are still alive. The Graec. no comforter--twice said to express continued suffering without any to give comfort ( Isaiah 53:7). Eccl. So, in these chapters we get a good cross-section of issues of life and how to approach them. (Verse 1-3.) It is commonly understood that the third cord is God Himself, and that a relationship intertwined with God is a threefold cord that is not quickly broken. 11 Also, if two lie down together, they will keep warm. Check to enable permanent hiding of message bar and refuse all cookies if you do not opt in. They often become great and prosperous, but this excites envy and opposition. It is yet another of our human anticlimaxes and ultimately empty achievements.” (Kidner), ©2018 David Guzik – No distribution beyond personal use without permission. He appears to have disgustedly turned his attention from the corrupted halls of justice to the marketplace, watching and analyzing as people worked. Solomon realizes the sources of problems of those who do good, and includes all those who work diligently and whose efforts are crowned with success.They often become great and prosperous, but this generates envy and opposition. Outline of Ecclesiastes 4 Miseries from oppression. Others, seeing the vexations of an active course, foolishly expect more satisfaction in sloth and idleness. But this book does not use Solomon’s name. You can also change some of your preferences. (Verse 1-3.) And behold, the tears of the oppressed, and they had () no one to comfort them! (7,8) The advantages of mutual assistance. All rights reserved. Oppressions increase vanity, Vanity increased by envy, idleness, covetousness. We need 2 cookies to store this setting. But the willing servants of the Lord Jesus, our King, rejoice in him alone, and they will love Him more and more to all eternity. How to have a worthwhile life. Ecclesiastes 4:1-16. The class book is suitable for teens and up. 4:13; 9:15[twice],16) and means "a poor man." Promises made to God have serious implications. He also says that he ruled over *Israel (Ecclesiastes 1:12). Ecclesiastes Chapter 4. Commentary on Ecclesiastes 4:13-16 (Read Ecclesiastes 4:13-16) People are never long easy and satisfied; they are fond of changes. Ecclesiastes 4:12 provides us with an example of a peculiarity of Hebrew writing that is seen in a number of places in the Old Testament. Since these providers may collect personal data like your IP address we allow you to block them here. Click to enable/disable Google reCaptcha. 4:13 "poor" This Hebrew term (BDB 587) is found only four times in Ecclesiastes (cf. They often become great and prosperous, but this generates envy and opposition. Sign up for an account to try it FREE for 30 days. This [is] also vanity and vexation of spirit. Where two are closely joined in holy love and fellowship, Christ will by his Spirit come to them; then there is a threefold cord. This too is vanity (futility, false pride) and chasing after the wind. Ecclesiastes 4 commentary 1. Verses 1-3 It grieved Solomon to see might prevail against right. (1) The comfortless oppression of man under the sun. A Bible Study in EasyEnglish (2800 word vocabulary) on the Book of Ecclesiastes. Note that blocking some types of cookies may impact your experience on our websites and the services we are able to offer. Ecclesiastes 4:9-12. John Trapp Complete Commentary. So, realize the awful reality of oppression and yet don’t be surprised at its existence. But a good man, though badly off while in this world, cannot have cause to wish he had never been born, since he is glorifying the Lord, even in the fires, and will be happy at last, for ever happy. Ecclesiastes 5:4 "When thou vowest a vow unto God, defer not to pay it; for [he hath] no pleasure in fools: pay that which thou hast vowed." Surely this also is vanity and grasping for the wind. Ecclesiastes 5:5 It is better that you should not vow than that you should vow and not pay. a. But pity anyone who falls . The advantages of mutual assistance. Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Concise), California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. ecclesiastes 4 commentary Hard work and success are good and not to be envied. (Verse 9-12.) We might have expected that he would praise the strength of a twofold cord; instead he noted that a threefold cord is not quickly broken. Ecclesiastes 1 – The Vanity of Life A. Recognize the superiority but ultimate vanity of wisdom. We may request cookies to be set on your device. 9 Two are better than one, because they have a good return for their labor: 10 If either of them falls down, one can help the other up. Keith Simons. (1a) The Preacher. Bible Study Questions. a. By proceeding, you consent to our cookie usage. The words of the Preacher, a. Miseries from oppression. But pity the man who falls and has no one to help him up! Rather, ... (4-7) The unending cycle of creation. This is a study guide commentary which means that you are responsible for your own DISCUSSION QUESTIONS. Commentary for Ecclesiastes 4 . II. Read Peter’s answer to this question in Acts 2:22-41, and Paul’s answer in Romans 4:1-8. Verses 9-12 Surely he has more satisfaction in life, who labours hard to maintain those he loves, than the miser has in his toil. Ecclesiastes 4 Solomon, having shown the vanity of this world in the temptation which those in power feel to oppress and trample upon their subjects, here further shows, I. A profane sentiment if severed from its connection; but just in its bearing on Solomon's scope. Ecclesiastes 2:4-7. The Old Testament background for this admonition is found (in Deut. Ecclesiastes 5:4 When you make a vow to God, do not be late in paying it; for He takes no delight in fools. Ecclesiastes 4 Commentary: In Ecclesiastes 4 and 5 the Preacher wants to talk to us about the following subjects: Oppression; Work; Companionship; Wisdom; God; Riches; Enjoying life; And really – what more is there to life? 4. 1. power--MAURER, not so well, "violence." Commentary Read Ecclesiastes 4:1-3 Verse 1-3 — It grieved Solomon to see might prevail against right. These cookies collect information that is used either in aggregate form to help us understand how our website is being used or how effective our marketing campaigns are, or to help us customize our website and application for you in order to enhance your experience. This literary device makes comparisons by using the term “better.” He first uses “better” in verse 3, then again in verse 6, and finally in verse 9 as he reaches the section's conclusion. A profound gloom rests on the second act or section of this drama. He never thinks he has enough. Many are so set upon the world, that in pursuit of it they bereave themselves, not only of the favour of God and eternal life, but of the pleasures of this life. This is no new thing. The tragedy of oppression. If God is not placed first in every liaison that we human beings make (marriage, friendship, or church fellowship) the relationship will be short lived. Bible Study Questions-Avoiding Extremes: Finding the Balanced Life. Ecclesiastes 5:3 For the dream comes through much effort and the voice of a fool through many words. (9-12) the changes of royalty. 11 Again, if two lie together, they keep warm, but how can one keep warm alone? 1 But I returned and saw all the oppressed who are made [so] under the sun, and behold, the tears of the oppressed, and they have no consoler, and from the hand of their oppressors there is power, but they have no consoler. Covetousness gathers strength by time and habit; men tottering on the brink of the grave, grow more grasping and griping. I made me great works — Magnificent works, for my honour and delight. In these things all is not vanity, though there will be some alloy as long as we are under the sun. They often become great and prosperous, but this excites envy and opposition. Yet it is possible that, in the context of marriage and family, Solomon had children in mind with the picture of a threefold cord. Even if it lasted his entire lifetime (which would be rare and remarkable), it would not live on much beyond his own life. This is a study guide commentary which means that you are responsible for your own interpretation of the Bible. If you do not want that we track your visit to our site you can disable tracking in your browser here: We also use different external services like Google Webfonts, Google Maps, and external Video providers. Then let us improve our opportunities of Christian fellowship. On the side of their oppressors there was power, and there was no one to comfort them. (Verse 4-6.) The temptation which the oppressed feel to discontent and impatience, Ecclesiastes 4:1-3. 4. Ecclesiastes 4:9-12 (God-Centred Marriage) GOD-CENTRED MARRIAGE (Ecclesiastes 4:9-12): “Two are better than one, because they have a good return for their work (the investment they put into their relationship): (1) If one falls down, his friend can help him up. For he comes out of prison to be king, Evil Under the Sun. The advantages of mutual assistance. David Guzik commentary on Ecclesiastes 1, where the author questions whether or not God matters, ... “Ecclesiastes does not pretend to preach the Gospel. This is no new thing. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. no comforter--twice said to express continued suffering without … ... Summary of Ecclesiastes 4-5. “The strength of the three-ply cord was proverbial in the ancient world.” (Eaton). Ecclesiastes 4 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary is written by one of the most influential men of the modern Christianity movement. Ecclesiastes 1:4 - A generation goes and a generation comes, But the earth remains forever. Ecclesiastes 4:6 Better is an handful with quietness, than both the hands full with travail and vexation of spirit. Please be aware that this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site. Ecclesiastes 4 is the fourth chapter of the Book of Ecclesiastes in the Hebrew Bible or the Old Testament of the Christian Bible. Submitted by admin on Mon, 2010-12-13 20:59. (Verse 13-16.) Ecclesiastes 3:1-5:20. 2. If human and worldly things were our chief good, not to exist would be preferable to life, considering the various oppressions here below. Study Ecclesiastes 4 using Wesley’s Explanatory Notes to better understand Scripture with full outline and verse meaning. Click to enable/disable Google Analytics tracking. i. Ecclesiastes 4 ESV - Evil Under the Sun - Again I saw all - Bible Gateway. 1. But woe to him who is alone when he falls and has not another to lift him up! Outline of Ecclesiastes 4 Miseries from oppression. That for this a man is envied of his neighbour. Home » Bible Commentaries » Ecclesiastes. Click to enable/disable essential site cookies. Education Details: Ecclesiastes A2 Classic Bible Study Guide 3 Ecclesiastes 1:1-18 Solomon had dived into nature's depths (1 Kings 4:33), and he had it, more of it perhaps than ever any man had. Ecclesiastes 4:3 Yea, better [is he] than both they, which hath not yet been, who hath not seen the evil work that is done under the sun. A profane sentiment if severed from its connection; but just in its bearing on Solomon's scope. (13-16)1-3 It grieved Solomon to see might prevail against right. 2 Wherefore I praised the dead which are already dead more than the living which are yet alive. (13-16). Bible Study Guide. Cancel any time. Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. 5 The fool folds his hands [together] and consumes his own flesh [destroying himself by idleness and apathy]. David A. Hubbard — Ecclesiastes, Song of Solomon (The Preacher’s Commentary, 2002). 1 of 1. i. You always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies on this website. (Verse 4-6.) Salem Media Group. Another commentary that should be consulted by preachers is the contribution to The Preacher’s Commentary series by David Hubbard. Our website uses cookies to store user preferences. Ver. Let us by honest industry lay hold on the handful, that we may not want necessaries, but not grasp at both hands full, which would only create vexation of spirit. Will always prompt you to block them here, foolish and have great wealth and status “ he has for. World. ” ( Eaton ) one hand full of labor and chasing after the wind easy and ;. 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