He had a reputation as a tough commander, yet one respected by his troops. Alexei Nikolaevich (Russian: Алексе́й Никола́евич) (12 August 1904 [O.S. Nicholas's mother, his father's first cousin's daughter, was a daughter of Duke Konstantin Peter of Oldenburg (1812–1881) and Princess Therese of Nassau (1815–1871). [12] The Russian military leadership regarded Muslims, Germans and Poles as traitors and spies, while Jews were considered political unreliables. November 18, 1856 in St. Petersburg, Russian Empire [now Russia] Died: January 5, 1929 in Antibes, Alpes-Maritimes, France: Birth Name: Nikolai Nikolaevich Romanov: Height: 6' 6" (1.98 m) In an emotional scene at the palace, Nicholas refused, drew his pistol and threatened to shoot himself on the spot if the Tsar did not endorse Witte's plan. 6 May] 1868 – 17 July 1918), known in the Russian Orthodox Church as Saint Nicholas the Passion-Bearer, was the last Emperor of All Russia, ruling from 1 November 1894 until his abdication on 15 March 1917. 14 April] 1859 – 28 January 1919) was the eldest son of Grand Duke Michael Nikolaevich of Russia and a first cousin of Alexander III.. Ancestry 114–115 (in Turkish), ″Помирљивост према политичким партијама: Из тајних архива УДБЕ: РУСКА ЕМИГРАЦИЈА У ЈУГОСЛАВИЈИ 1918–1941.″ //, Nicholas Nikolaievich of Russia the Younger, born a Grand Duke, but stripped of his title by, title of pretence granted by Grand Duke Kirill Vladimirovich as claimant to the Russian throne, title of pretence granted by Grand Duke Vladimir Kirillovich as claimant to the Russian throne, Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich of Russia, Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich of Russia (1831–1891), Grand Duke Nicholas Nicolaevich of Russia, Grand Duchess Catherine Pavlovna of Russia, Anne, Princess Royal and Princess of Orange, George Maximilianovich, 6th Duke of Leuchtenberg, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Order of St. Andrew the Apostle the First-called, House and Merit Order of Peter Frederick Louis, Princess Friederike of Brandenburg-Schwedt, Princess Frederica Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt, Charles II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Frederick William, Prince of Nassau-Weilburg, Duchess Charlotte Georgine of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Reburial of the Remains of Grand Duke Nikolai Nikolaevich and His Wife, Features / The official website of the Mayor and the Government of Moscow, Russian Imperial Army - Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich (the Younger) of Russia, Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Königreich Württemberg, "Nicholas (Nikolai Nikolayevich), Russian Grand Duke", Newspaper clippings about Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich of Russia, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Grand_Duke_Nicholas_Nikolaevich_of_Russia_(1856–1929)&oldid=999256891, Military Engineering-Technical University alumni, Russian military personnel of World War I, Recipients of the Order of St. George of the Second Degree, Recipients of the Order of St. George of the Third Degree, Grand Crosses of the Order of Saint Stephen of Hungary, Grand Crosses of the House and Merit Order of Peter Frederick Louis, Knights Grand Cross of the Order of the Crown (Württemberg), Recipients of the Order of the Cross of Takovo, Articles with dead external links from December 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles needing additional references from September 2020, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2020, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1922 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Robinson, Paul. Hunting was his major recreation, and he traveled in his private train across Russia with his horses and dogs, hunting while on his rounds of inspection. The Grand Duke picked and chose from the various plans offered by his generals. A Grand Duke Leonid of Russia appears in the Lucky Luke … Nicholas tried to have a railway built from Russian Georgia to the conquered territories with a view to bringing up more supplies for a new offensive in 1917. A member of the Romanov Imperial family, the elder son of the Emperor Alexander II. But after seeing Nursi's submission and faith about the sake of science, he changed his mind. [4] His tenure has been judged a success with reforms in training, cavalry schools, cavalry reserves and the remount services. [6], The Grand Duke had no part in the planning and preparations for World War I, that being the responsibility of General Vladimir Sukhomlinov and the general staff. From 1905 to the outbreak of World War I, he was commander-in-chief of the St. Petersburg Military District. But, in March 1917, the Tsar was overthrown and the Russian army began slowly to fall apart. The only man with the prestige to keep the allegiance of the army in such a coup was the Grand Duke. Nicholas came to power because of his royal status, and the tsar's belief that God was guiding his decision. Carolina was a daughter of William IV of Orange and Anne, Princess Royal and Princess of Orange. While the Grand Duke was officially in command, General Yudenich was the driving figure in the Russian Caucasus army, so the Grand Duke focused on the civil administration. Sergei Mikhailovich was born on 7 October 1869 in Borjomi, Tiflis Governorate, Russian Empire, the son of Grand Duke Michael Nikolaevich of Russia and Cecile of Baden. This act was decisive in forcing Nicholas II to agree to the reforms. [18] The monarchists made plans to send agents into Russia. Nicholas Nikolaevich (1856-1929) was a grand duke of the Russian nobility and until 1915, the commander-in-chief of the Russian army in World War I.. Nicholas was born in St Petersburg, the eldest son of Grand Duke Nicholas, the third son of Tsar Nicholas I. Childhood and youth. The Grand Duke begged for the artillery and ammunition they desperately lacked, so he could not embark on a coherent plan for victory. In 2014 Nicholas Romanov, Prince of Russia (1922–2014) and Prince Dimitri Romanov (1926-2016) requested the transfer of his remains. Because of Nursi's disrespectful attitude, Grand Duke gave an order to execute him. At six foot six, the Grand Duke towered over those around him. [citation needed] In his lifetime, Nicholas and his dogs caught hundreds of wolves. Anne was the eldest daughter of George II of Great Britain and Caroline of Ansbach. The title of Russia's chief liberal testifies to his role in those crucial events in Russian history. XIX century, in its content and value received the name of the Great. [11], As a result of his failure, the Tsar removed the Grand Duke as commander of the Russian armed forces on 21 August 1915 and took personal command.[13][4]. Grand Duke Sergei Mikhailovich of Russia (7 October 1869-18 July 1918) was a member of the Russian House of Romanov and a general of the Russian Empire during World War I.He was executed by the Bolsheviks in 1918. Find art you love and shop high-quality art prints, photographs, framed artworks and posters at Art.com. His appointment was popular in the army. At the time he was urging the Tsar to set up colleges for training Muslim clerics so they would not have to study abroad.[17]. Alexander Nikolaevich, the eldest son of Nicholas I of Russia and of Charlotte of Prussia, was born on April 29, 1818, in Moscow, Russia. He was the son of Grand Duke Michael Nikolaevich of Russia, the youngest son of Nicholas I of Russia, and Grand Duchess Olga Feodorovna (Cecily of Baden). Conversely a top priority of the Soviet secret police was to penetrate this monarchist organization and to kidnap Nicholas. He was the youngest of five children, and the only boy. [4] His father was the sixth child and third son born to Nicholas I of Russia and his Empress consort Alexandra Fedorovna of Prussia (1798–1860). [4] He distinguished himself on two occasions in this war. He may also be referred to as Nicholas Nikolaevich the Elder to tell him apart from his son, Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich of Russia (1856–1929). As late as June 1927, the monarchists were able to set off a bomb at the Lubyanka Prison in Moscow. Biography . Grand Duke Nicholas was educated at the school of military engineers and received his commission in 1873. From 1914 to 1915, and then again briefly in 1917, he was commander of the largest army in the world in the greatest war the world had ever seen. Grand Duke Nicholas died on 5 January 1929 of natural causes on the French Riviera, where he had gone to escape the rigors of winter. The son of Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich of Russia (1831–1891), and a grandson of Emperor Nicholas I of Russia, he was commander in chief of the Russian Imperial Army units on the main front in the first year of the war, during the reign of his first cousin once removed, Nicholas II. Click on Images to Enlarge. Mar 7, 2019 - Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich (The Elde) of Russia and His Family, C1864-C1865 Giclee Print. See more ideas about romanov, grand duke, nicholas. The bodies of Nicholas Nikolaevich and his wife were re-buried in Moscow at the World War I memorial military cemetery in May 2015. His father was the sixth child and third son born to Nicholas I of Russia and his Empress consort Alexandra Fedorovna of Prussia (1798–1860). A very tall man (1.98m / 6' 6"), Nicholas, named after his paternal grandfather, the emperor, was born as the eldest son to Grand Duke Nicholas Nicolaevich of Russia (1831–1891) and Alexandra Petrovna of Oldenburg (1838–1900) on 18 November 1856. He lacked the broad strategic sense and the ruthless drive to command all the Russian armies. He had the reputation there of appointing men of humble origins to positions of authority. "A Study of Grand Duke Nikolai Nikolaevich as Supreme Commander of the Russian Army, 1914–1915,", "Encyclopædia Britannica", Vol. Nicholas II or Nikolai II Alexandrovich Romanov (18 May [O.S. Stay safe. 100% satisfaction guaranteed. Although held in high regard by Paul von Hindenburg, he struggled with the colossal task of leading Russia's war effort against Germany, including strategy, tactics, logistics and coordination with the government. The lessons of the Russo-Japanese War were drilled into his men. Grand Duke Michael Nikolaevich of Russia (25 October 1832-18 December 1909) was Governor-General of the Caucasus from 1862 to 1882.. [14] Their opponent was the Ottoman Empire. Alexandra Fedorovna was a daughter of Frederick William III of Prussia and Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz.[5]. Alexander was born in Tiflis, in the Tiflis Governorate of the Russian Empire (present-day Georgia). Biography. In the south they conquered much of Galicia. [2], The Grand Duke received several Russian and foreign decorations:[19]. From 1914 to 1915, and then again briefly in 1917, he was commander of the largest army in the world in the greatest war the world had ever seen. His experience was more as a trainer of soldiers than a leader in battle. Born on November 18, 1856, in St. Petersburg, Russia, Nicholas Nikolaevich was the grandson of Emperor Nicholas I of Russia from which he was named. He decided that their major effort must be in Poland, which thrust toward Germany like a salient, flanked by German East Prussia in the north, and Austro-Hungarian Galicia in the south. He was given responsibility for the largest army ever put into the field up to that date. ", This page was last edited on 9 January 2021, at 07:22. ", sfn error: no target: CITEREFBaberowskiDoering-Manteuffel2009 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFMcMeekin2017 (, Nursi, Said: Tarihçe-i Hayat, Envar Neşriyat, Istanbul 1995, pp. Originally, the service was made for Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich the Older in the mid 19th century. He was appointed by the Emperor, in his last official act, as the supreme commander in chief, and was wildly received as he journeyed to headquarters in Mogilev; however, within 24 hours of his arrival, the new prime minister, Prince Georgy Lvov, cancelled his appointment. Ownership of borzoi hounds was restricted to members of the highest nobility, and Nicholas's packs were well-known. A RARE Imperial Russian antique wine glass of Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich. His headquarters had a curiously calm atmosphere, despite the many defeats and the millions of casualties. Alexei was born on 12 August 1904 (30 July, O.S.) On 29 April 1907, Nicholas married Princess Anastasia of Montenegro (1869–1935), the daughter of King Nicholas I, and sister of Princess Milica, who had married Nicholas's brother, Grand Duke Peter. 16, pp. In the Julian calendar, his birthday is stated as November 6, 1856. Thus, Nicholas did not have the opportunity to gain experience in battlefield command. in Peterhof. для … On 8 August 1922, Nicholas was proclaimed as the emperor of all the Russias by the Zemsky Sobor of the Amur krai /Priamursk region in the Far East by White Army general Mikhail Diterikhs. By 1895, he was inspector-general of the cavalry, a post he held for 10 years. His maternal grandfather was a son of Duke George of Oldenburg and Grand Duchess Catherine Pavlovna of Russia, daughter of Paul I of Russia and Maria Fedorovna of Württemberg. [8], Grand Duke Nicholas was responsible for all Russian forces fighting against Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Turkey. Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich Commander in Chief of the Russian Armies Spouse Grand Duchess Anastasia … Wikipedia His maternal grandmother was a daughter of Wilhelm, Duke of Nassau (1792–1839) and Princess Luise of Saxe-Hildburghausen. His parents, both great-great-grandchildren of Frederick William I of Prussia, were third cousins, and had seven children together, including four … His paternal grandparents were Duke Karl Christian of Nassau-Weilburg (1735–1788) and Carolina of Orange-Nassau. With disorder spreading and the future of the dynasty at stake, the Tsar had a choice of instituting the reforms suggested by Count Sergei Witte or imposing a military dictatorship. While the Grand Duke was in command, the Russian army sent an expeditionary force through to Persia (now Iran) to link up with British troops. He was briefly recognized as Tsar, Emperor of Russia in 1922 in areas controlled by the White Armies movement in the Russian Far East. [10], After the Great Retreat of the Russian army, the Chief of the General Staff Nikolai Yanushkevich, with the full support of the Grand Duke Nicholas, ordered the army to devastate the border territories and expel the "enemy" nations within. They did not succeed however, in kidnapping Nicholas. On a personal level he was well liked by both officers and men. He recalled that "... on receipt of the Imperial order, he spent much of his time crying because he did not know how to approach his new duties. Grand Duke Konstantin Nikolayevich of Russia (Russian: Константи́н Никола́евич Рома́нов; 21 September 1827 – 25 January 1892) was the second son of Tsar Nicholas I of Russia and younger brother of Tsar Alexander II. His principal godparents were his paternal grandmother and his great-uncle, … Alexei Nikolaevich was born on 12 August 1904 in Peterhof Palace, St. Petersburg Governorate as the heir apparent to the throne. (Catherine was later remarried to William I of Württemberg.) He was under the protection of the French secret police as well as by a small number of faithful Cossack retainers. A very tall man (1.98m / 6' 6"), Nicholas, named after his paternal grandfather, the emperor, was born as the eldest son to Grand Duke Nicholas Nicolaevich of Russia (1831–1891) and Alexandra Petrovna of Oldenburg (1838–1900) on 18 November 1856. [3] After the Gorlice–Tarnów Offensive in 1915, Tsar Nicholas replaced the Grand Duke as commander-in-chief of the army. Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich the Younger. Two months later the Priamursk region fell to the Bolsheviks. Grand Duke Nicholas played a crucial role during the Revolution of 1905. Nicolás Nikolaievich stood out for his unusual height of 1.98 m inherited from his ancestors who exceeded 1.8 m. Grand Duke Nicolas grew up in a military engineering school. He was the first owner of the New Michael Palace on the Palace Quay in Saint Petersburg . May 31, 2020 - Nicholas Alexandrovich ('Nixa'), an heir the Tsesarevich and Grand Duke of Russia (1843–1865). [15][16] Nothing in the Grand Duke's record suggests that he would have even considered such a war crime. Russian Grand Duke. "A Study of Grand Duke Nikolai Nikolaevich as Supreme Commander of the Russian Army, 1914–1915. Grand Duke Michael Nikolaevich of Russia (25 October 1832 – 18 December 1909) was the fourth son and seventh child of Tsar Nicholas I of Russia and Charlotte of Prussia. Nicholas was a very religious man, praying in the morning and at night as well as before and after meals. She was a younger sister of Tsar Alexander II of Russia. His appointment reflected the fact that he was perhaps the man the last Emperor of Russia trusted the most. He was also given the title as the Grand Duke and was nicknamed as “Nikolasha” within the Imperial Family. Michael Nikolaevich was born in St. Petersburg, Russian Empire in 1832, the son of Czar Nicholas I of Russia and Charlotte of Prussia.Michael served as Governor-General of the Caucasus from 1862 to 1882, being seated in Tbilisi. 420–421, Chicago, 1958, Robinson, Paul. Also in 1916, the Russian army captured the fortress town of Erzerum, the port of Trebizond (now Trabzon) and the town of Erzincan. [11][12] The Russian authorities launched pogroms against German populations in Russian cities, massacred Jews in their towns and villages and deported 500,000 Jews and 250,000 Germans into the Russian interior. Grand Duke Konstantin Nikolaevich (1827 - 1882) was the second son of Emperor Nicholas I … Nicholas, named after his paternal grandfather the emperor, was born as the eldest son to Grand Duke Nicholas Nicolaevich of Russia (1831–1891) and Alexandra Petrovna of Oldenburg (1838–1900). As the Russian dogs perished in the Revolution of 1917–18, the borzoi of today are descended from gifts he made to European friends before World War I. We also buy and sell objects related to Nicholas II, the last Tsar of Russia. On the eve of the outbreak of World War I, his first cousin once removed, the Emperor Nicholas II of Russia, yielded to the entreaties of his ministers and appointed Grand Duke Nicholas to the supreme command. He later was a successful commander-in-chief in the Caucasus region. Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich of Russia (1856–1929) — Do not confuse with his father, Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich of Russia (1831 1891). He was originally buried in the church of St. Michael the Archangel Church in Cannes, France. He was mostly known as "Sandro". She had previously been married to George Maximilianovich, 6th Duke of Leuchtenberg, by whom she had two children, until their divorce in 1906. [12] On 11 June 1915, a pogrom began against Germans in Petrograd, with over 500 factories, stores and offices looted and mob violence unleashed against Germans. He failed in terms of strategy and tactics, as well as logistics, selection of generals, maintaining morale, and gaining support from the government. Grand Duke Nikolai Nikolaevich (1856-1929) was Commander in Chief of the Russian army during the first year of the First World War and, for the briefest moment, at the end of Tsar Nicholas II's reign. The Turks responded with an offensive of their own. He was not given an active command during the Russo-Japanese War, perhaps because the Tsar did not wish to hazard the prestige of the Romanovs and because he wanted a loyal general in command at home in case of domestic disturbances. The Tsar asked him to assume the role of a military dictator. A grandson of Tsar Nicholas I, the Grand Duke had lengthy military experience dating back to the Russo-Turkish war of 1877-78 where he had distinguished himself while serving on the staff of his father, the Grand Duke Nikolai Nikolaevich (the older). Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich of Russia (Russian: Николай Николаевич Романов (младший – the younger); 18 November 1856 – 5 January 1929) was a Russian general in World War I (1914–1918). Buyers and sellers of fine antique jewelry and Imperial Russian antiques since 1998. He and his wife escaped just ahead of the Red Army in April 1919, aboard the British Royal Navy battleship HMS Marlborough. Upon his dismissal, the Grand Duke was immediately appointed commander-in-chief and viceroy in the Caucasus (replacing Count Illarion Vorontsov-Dashkov). "[7], On 14 August 1914, he published the Manifesto to the Polish Nation. He planned to attend first to the flanks and when they were secure to invade German Silesia. Grand Duke Kirill Vladimirovich of Russia, RE (Russian: Кирилл Владимирович Рома́нов; Kirill Vladimirovich Romanov; 12 October [O.S. English: Personnal coat of arms of the grand-duke Nikolai Nikolaievich (1831-1891), given for the Znamenka estate, after the 9 june 1858 decree (number 33270 in the collection of imperial laws): Личный герб Его Императорского Высочества Великого Князя Николая Николаевича. Based in Chicago, we specialize in original fine antique and vintage jewelry from all periods and styles, authentic pre-1917 jewelry by Carl Faberge including rare miniature Faberge eggs, engagement rings of unique designs, unusual men's rings, and rare Russian demantoid and Siberian amethyst jewelry. Nicholas spent the next two years in the Crimean Peninsula, sometimes under house arrest, taking little part in politics. Nicholas was already living abroad and consequently was not present. His personal attendant the sailor Dere… There appears to have been some sentiment to have him head the White Army forces active in southern Russia at the time, but the leaders in charge, especially General Anton Denikin, were afraid that a strong monarchist figurehead would alienate the more left leaning constituents of the movement. The glass is decorated with Grand Duke’s monogram – interlaced HH beneath Imperial crown. Grand Duchess Alexandra Nikolaevna of Russia (24 June 1825 – 10 August 1844) was the youngest daughter and fourth child of Tsar Nicholas I, Emperor of Russia, and his wife, Princess Charlotte of Prussia. Romanov was a Russian general in World War I. 30 September] 1876 – 12 October 1938) was a member of the Russian Imperial Family. [9] In the north poor coordination of the two invading Russian armies resulted in the disaster of Tannenberg. His appointment reflected the fact that he was perhaps the man the last Emperor of Russia trusted the most. He was later also affectionately referred to as Alyosha (Алёша) and Lyoshka(Лёшка). Fighting around Lake Van swung back and forth, but ultimately proved inconclusive. Height 5 3/4 in. After his death in 1891, the service was inherited by his son Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich the Younger (1856-1929). Since the Montenegrins were a fiercely Slavic, anti-Turkish people from the Balkans, Anastasia reinforced the Pan-Slavic tendencies of Nicholas. Grand Duke Constantine Nikolaevich (1827–1892) (2) (8) Grand Duke Nicholas Konstantinovich (b. They were successful in the former, infiltrating the group with spies. [4] He was 57 years old and had never commanded armies in the field before, although he had spent almost all of his life on active service. He worked his way up through all the ranks until he was appointed commander of the Guard Hussar Regiment in 1884. Alexandra Fedorovna was a daughter of Frederick William III of Prussia and Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. (OGPU later lured the anti-Bolshevik British master spy Sidney Reilly back to the Soviet Union (1925) where he was killed.) Originally, the service was made for Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich the Older in the mid 19th century. Being a cousin of the future Tsar Nicholas II of Russia, Nicholas used to be nicknamed Nikolasha, to distinguish him from his cousin. Alexei was christened on 3 September 1904 in the chapel in Peterhof Palace. It is reported that, while visiting the garrison of Kostroma he met Said Nursi, a famous Muslim cleric who was a prisoner of war. Nicholas was a hunter. (14,5 cm) A RARE Imperial Russian antique wine glass of Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich. A pair of borzoi were used, which caught the wolf, one on each side, while Nicholas dismounted and cut the wolf's throat with a knife. He became the symbolic figurehead of an anti-Soviet Russian monarchist movement, after assuming on 16 November 1924 the supreme command of all Russian forces in exile and thus of the Russian All-Military Union, which had been founded in the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes by Gen Pyotr Wrangel two months prior. According to his French tutor, Pierre Gilliard, Alexei was a simple, affectionate child, but his environment was spoiling him by the "servile flattery" of the servants and "silly adulations" of the people around him. After a stay in Genoa as a guest of his brother-in-law, Victor Emmanuel III, King of Italy, Nicholas and his wife took up residence in a small chateau at Choigny, 20 miles outside of Paris. They had no children. To distinguish between them, the Grand Duke was often known within the Imperial family as "Nikolasha": the Grand Duke was also known as "Nicholas the Tall" while the Tsar was "Nicholas the Short". Grand Duke Nicholas was the first cousin once removed of Tsar Nicholas II. Grand Duke Nicholas was portrayed in the 1971 film Nicholas and Alexandra by Harry Andrews, and in the 1974 television drama Fall of Eagles by John Phillips . The February Revolution found Nicholas in the Caucasus. Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich of Russia (Russian: Великий князь Николай Николаевич; 8 August 1831 – 25 April 1891) was the third son and sixth child of Tsar Nicholas I of Russia and Alexandra Feodorovna. Alexei Nikolaevich (Russian: Алексе́й Никола́евич) (12 August 1904 [O.S. The Duke of Nassau was a son of Friedrich Wilhelm, Duke of Nassau (1768–1816) and Burgravine Louise Isabelle of Kirchberg. His father was the sixth child and third son born to Nicholas I of Russia and his Empress consort Alexandra Fedorovna of Prussia (1798–1860). [4] During the Russo-Turkish War, 1877-78, he was on the staff of his father who was commander in chief. Once, a deputation of peasants came to bring presents to Alexei. Alexandra Fedorovna was a daughter of Frederick William III of Prussia and Louise of Mecklenbur… Grand Duke Nicholas Mikhailovich of Russia (Russian: Великий князь Никола́й Миха́йлович; 26 April [O.S. Their subsequent move toward Silesia was blocked by the Battle of the Vistula River and Battle of Łódź. Fictional Grand Dukes of Russia. He was doted on by his parents and sisters and known as "Baby" in the family. Paul Robinson, "A Study of Grand Duke Nikolai Nikolaevich as Supreme Commander of the Russian Army, 1914–1915. At six … Any item from this site may be viewed by appointment at our downtown Chicago location on Monday/Wednesday/, Copyright @ 1998-2020 RomanovRussia.com All Rights Reserved, Vintage & Antique Engagement Rings (View All). Despite the current conditions caused by COVID-19, we ship orders via FedEx priority overnight within 1-2 business days. 1850) (2.1) (officially declared insane and exiled in 1874 after theft accusation) Grand Duke Konstantin Konstantinovich of Russia (1858–1915) (2.2) (9) Prince John … His older sisters were the Grand Duchesses Olga, Tatiana, Maria and Anastasia. Trained for the military, as a Field Marshal he commanded the Russian army of the Danube in the Russo-Turkish War, 1877–1878. The other three medallions are skilfully engraved with grapevines. He was happiest in the country, hunting or caring for his estates. His father, Nicholas II of Russia, was the last Emperor of Russia, ruling from 1 November 1894 until his forced abdication on 15 March 1917. 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